PHILOSOPHERS ON BODY AND SPIRITUAL CULTURE

  • ALEKSANDAR (R) KERKOVIC Faculty of Philosophy, The University of Nis, Serbia
  • RUZENA (M) POPOVIC Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, The University of Nis, Serbia

Abstract

The main problem of this study was the estimation of the view and the  essential elements of physical and spiritual culture in philosophers' works from ancient times until the end of the twentieth century. This paper presents philosophers' opinions on physical culture's specific aspects, including Physical Education, Sports, Recreation, and other border areas of the individual's physical and spiritual activity. The references for this study on philosophers' opinions are mainly from secondary sources. A concise statement of these philosophers' work refers to the period before the New era, regarding  Xenophanes, Socrates, Cliton, and Marcus Tallies Cicero. Then philosophers of the modern era, Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, Georg  W.F. Hegel, Karl Marx, John Lobok, and the most prominent former Yugoslavs philosopher of the twentieth century, Branislav Petronijević. This study is not a critical review but a summary of the most influential thinkers' views,  from the historical aspect of the study preoccupation.

Keywords: Philosophers, Old era, New era, Physical culture, Spiritual culture

References

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KERKOVIC, A. (R), & POPOVIC, R. (M). (2021). PHILOSOPHERS ON BODY AND SPIRITUAL CULTURE. Innovare Journal of Education, 9(2). Retrieved from https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijoe/article/view/40764
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