EFFECT OF LOCKDOWN ON EDUCATION OF RURAL UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS DURINGCOVID-19 PANDEMIC IN UMARBAN (DHAR), M.P., INDIA

  • Jyoti Agrawal Government College, Umarban- 454449, Dhar (M.P.) India

Abstract

A survey was conducted to assess the impact of lockdown due to COVID-19 on online education of undergraduate learners of government colleges Umarban, district Dhar (454449) Madhya Pradesh, India. An online as well as offline survey was conducted from 10 October 2020 to 15 March 2021 to collect the information. To analyze the possibility and attention of students for online education, various online quizzes were conducted in which a structural questionnaire link using ‘Google form’ was sent to students through WhatsApp. A total of 265 students were taken for the survey. The simple percentage distribution was used to assess the learning status of the study participants. During the lockdown period, around 15.47% of learners were involved in e-learning. Most of the learners were used android mobile for attending e-learning. The present study revealed that around 60% of students were seen to involve in farming during lockdown instead of online classes. In addition to this, 45% of students never joined an online class during the entire session. Further analysis demonstrated that 13% of students do not have their own mobile phone, nearly 18% could not join due to poor internet connectivity, 21% of students faced unfavorable study environment at home and 3% of students have other reasons. This study also showed a comparative analysis of the presence of students before and after the COVID 19 pandemic. As the ratio of presence of students in physical and virtual classrooms was 2.32. The overall results from this study revealed that especially in rural areas COVID – 19 pandemic had affected more adversely on classroom attendance, where people already do not want to give importance to education. Higher education institutions may benefit from these findings while formulating strategies to support students during this pandemic. Moreover, to promote education in COVID 19 era strong strategies are urgently needed.

Keywords: Covid-19, College students, Rural education, E-learning, Lockdown, Online classes, Poverty, Unawareness for education

References

• Bao, W. (2020). COVID-19 and online teaching in higher education: A case study of Peking University. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, 2, 113–115. doi.org/10.1002/hbe2.191
• Bernard, R. M., Abrami, P. C., Lou. Y., Borokhovski, E., Wade, A., & Wozney, L. (2004). How does distance education compare with classroom instruction? A meta-analysis of the empirical literature. Review of Educational Research, 74(3), 379-439. doi.org/10.3102/00346543074003379
• Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J. (2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research, 287, 112934. doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112934
• Cohen, A. K., Hoyt, L. T., & Dull, B. (2020). A descriptive study of coronavirus disease 2019–related experiences and perspectives of a national sample of college students in spring 2020. Journal of Adolescent Health, 67(3), 369-375. doi.org/10.1016/j. jadohealth.2020.06.009
• Cook, D. A. (2009). The failure of e-learning research to inform educational practice and what we can do about it. Medical Teacher, 31(2), 158–162. doi.org/10.1080/01421590802691393
• COVID-19 in India. (2021). Retrieved March 30, 2021, from https://www.covid19india.org/
• COVID-19 in world. (2021). Retrieved March 30, 2021, from https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
• Crawford, J., Henderson, K. B., Rudolph, J., Malkawi, B., Glowatz, M., Burton, R., … Lam, S. (2020). COVID-19: 20 countries’ higher education intra-period digital pedagogy responses. Journal of Applied Learning & Teaching, 3(1), 1-20. doi.org/10.37074/jalt.2020.3.1.7
• Gonzalez, T., Rubia, M. A., Hincz, K. P., Comas-Lopez, M., Subirats, L., & Fort, S., (2020). Influence of COVID-19 confinement on students’ performance in higher education. PLoS ONE, 15(10). e0239490. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239490
• Goyal, S. (2020). Impact of coronavirus on education in India, 2020. Retrieved from Jagran Josh website: https://www.jagranjosh.com/general-knowledge/impact-of-coronavirus-on-education-in-india-1587642880-1
• Jena, P. K., (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on higher education in India. International Journal of Advanced Education & Research, 5(3), 77-81.
• Jindal, A., & Chahal, B. P. S. (2018). Challenges and opportunities for online education in India. Pramana Research Journal, 8(4), 99-105.
• Kapasia, N., Paul, P., Roy, A., Saha, J., Zaveri, A., Mallick, R., … Chouhan, P. (2020). Impact of lockdown on learning status of undergraduate and postgraduate students during COVID-19 pandemic in West Bengal, India. Children and Youth Services Review, 116, 105194. doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105194
• Khan, M. M. (2008). Adverse effects of excessive mobile phone use. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 21(4), 289–293. doi.org/10.2478/v10001-008-0028-6
• Khattar, A., Jain, P. R., & Quadri, S. M. K. (2017). Effects of the disastrous pandemic COVID 19 on learning styles, activities and mental health of young Indian students- A machine learning approach. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Control Systems (ICICCS), Madurai, India: India. Retrieved from https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9120955/citations#citations. doi: 10.1109/ICICCS48265.2020.9120955
• Manzoor, A. (2020). Online teaching and challenges of covid-19 for inclusion of persons with disabilities in higher education. Retrieved from Daily Times website: https://dailytimes.com.pk/595888/online-teaching-and-challenges-of-COVID-19-for-inclusion-of-pwds-in-highereducation/
• Marinoni, G., Land, H. V., & Jensen, T. (2020). The impact of Covid-19 on higher education around the world. Retrieved from https://www.iau-aiu.net/IMG/pdf/iau_covid19_and_he_survey_report_final_may_2020.pdf
• McCarthy, N. (2020). COVID-19’s staggering impact on global education. Retrieved from World Economic Forum website: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/03/infographic-COVID19-coronavirus-impact-global-education-health-schools/
• Saha, J., Barman, B., & Chouhan, P. (2020). Lockdown for COVID-19 and its impact on community mobility in India: An analysis of the COVID-19 Community Mobility Reports, 2020. Children and Youth Services Review, 116, Article 105160. doi. org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105160
• Stalin, P., Abraham, S. B., Kanimozhy, K., Prasad, R. V., Singh, Z., & Purty, A. J. (2016). Mobile phone usage and its health effects among adults in a semi-urban area of southern India. Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research, 10(1), LC14–LC16.
• World Health Organization. (2020). WHO director-general’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19. Retrieved June 25, 2020, from https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020
Statistics
19 Views | 20 Downloads
Citations
How to Cite
Agrawal, J. (2021). EFFECT OF LOCKDOWN ON EDUCATION OF RURAL UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS DURINGCOVID-19 PANDEMIC IN UMARBAN (DHAR), M.P., INDIA. Innovare Journal of Education, 9(3), 14-18. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijoe.2021v9i3.41647
Section
Research Article(s)