GENDER ATTITUDE TOWARDS ADOLESCENT’S PREMARITAL SEX IN SENIOR AND JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS IN THE NEW JUABEN MUNICIPALITY IN GHANA
Keywords:Adolescents, Attitudes, Premarital sex, Schools, New Juaben Municipality, Ghana
The objective of the study was to assess adolescent’s attitudes towards premarital sex in Senior and Junior High Schools in the New Juaben Municipality in Ghana. A descriptive survey design was chosen for the study. The population of the study consisted of five thousand, one hundred forty-one (5,141) in-school adolescents in Junior and Senior High Schools in New Juaben Municipality. Convenient and random sampling techniques were used to select the study area, schools and respondents for the study. A convenient sampling technique was used to select the New Juaben Municipality. A random sampling method was used to select 250 respondents (students) from two Junior High Schools and two Senior High Schools in New Juaben Municipality. The main instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire. The data collected were statistically analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Both and descriptive statistics and the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test were used in the data analysis. Descriptive statistics such as frequency distribution in tabular form in graphical forms, and measures of central tendencies were used to analyse the data. The study concluded that the positive sexual behaviours of adolescents in Junior and Senior High Schools are evident in their attitude towards premarital sex. Adolescents in Senior High and Junior High Schools in the New Juaben Municipality exhibit a positive attitude towards premarital sex as the majority of them do not see that abstaining from sex would make them sick or look odd in society, neither would it give them problems during intercourse when they finally marry.
• Agyemang, S. (2009). Addressing HIV/AIDS pandemic in the Ejura-Sekyedumase district: A study of knowledge, attitudes and sexual behaviour among unmarried 15-24 year-olds (Unpublished doctoral thesis), Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
• Awusabo-Asare K., Abane, A. M., & Kumi-Kyerem, K. (2004). Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Ghana: A Synthesis of Research Evidence. Occasional Report, No. 13. New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute.
• Coetzee, S. A. (2015). Educator sexual misconduct: Exposing or causing learners to be exposed to child pornography or pornography. PER / PELJ 18(6), 2107-2139. doi:10.4314/pelj.v18i6.03
• Eggleston, E., Jackson, J., Rountree, W., & Pan, Z. (2000). Evaluation of a sexuality education program for young adolescents in Jamaica. Revista panamericana de salud publica [Pan American journal of public health], 7(2), 102–112. doi:10.1590/s1020-49892000000200006
• Esna-Ashari, F. (2004). Differences in attitudes towards premarital sex: The impact of some demographic and socio-economic factors in a sample of Shiraz city youth. Retrieved from the Princeton University website: https://iussp2005.princeton.edu/papers/51241
• Fonner, V. A., Armstrong, K. S., Kennedy, C. E., O’Reilly, K. R., & Sweat, M. D. (2014). School based sex education and HIV prevention in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PloS one, 9(3), e89692. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089692
• Hall, W. J., Jones, B., Witkemper, K. D., Collins, T. L., & Rodgers, G. K. (2019). State policy on school-based sex education: A content analysis focused on sexual behaviors, relationships, and identities. American journal of health behavior, 43(3), 506–519. doi:10.5993/AJHB.43.3.6
• Iyer, P., & Aggleton, P. (2015). Seventy years of sex education in Health Education Journal: A critical review. Health Education Journal, 74(1), 3-15. doi:10.1177/0017896914523942
• Raja, E. S. (2005). A descriptive study to assess the sexual knowledge and attitude among adolescents in selected composite pre-university colleges in Bangalore (Unpublished master’s thesis), Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
• Reiss, M. J. (2018) Reproduction and sex education. In: Kampourakis, K. & Reiss, M. J. (Eds), Teaching biology in schools: Global research, issues, and trends (pp. 87-98). New York: Routledge,
• Rondini, S., & Krugu, J. K. (2009). Knowledge, attitude and practices study on reproductive health among secondary school students in Bolgatanga, Upper East Region, Ghana. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 13, (4), 51–66. Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20690273/
• Sulak, P. J., Herbelin, S. J., Fix, D. D., & Kuehl, T. J. (2006). Impact of an adolescent sex education program that was implemented by an academic medical center. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 195(1), 78–84. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2005.12.011
• Wikipedia, (n.d.). Comprehensive sex education. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comprehensive_sex_education
• Yakubu, I., Garmaroudi, G., Sadeghi, R., Tol, A., Yekaninejad, M. S., & Yidana, A. (2019). Assessing the impact of an educational intervention program on sexual abstinence based on the health belief model amongst adolescent girls in Northern Ghana, a cluster randomised control trial. Reproductive health, 16(1), 124. doi:10.1186/s12978-019-0784-8
• Yohn, N. L., & Blendy, J. A. (2017). Adolescent chronic unpredictable stress exposure is a sensitive window for long-term changes in adult behavior in mice. Neuropsychopharmacology: official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 42(8), 1670–1678. doi:10.1038/npp.2017.11
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 LOVEDALE ADZO TSOTOVOR, GERTRUDE OTUBEA DADEY
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.