• Sailesh Sharma Institute of Educational Leadership ,University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


There has been limited research on how leadership potential is influenced by leadership quality of school principals. The purpose of this quantitative study is to present some of the findings derived from the study of teachers' perception on leadership qualities and leadership competencies of their principals. This study utilized questionnaire titled   ‘Leadership attributes of my principal' developed by Sharma (2010). This questionnaire comprises of two variables – leadership qualities and leadership competencies of principals. Leadership qualities have eight dimensions while competencies have five. The questionnaire was administered on 154 teachers from reputed private schools in India. The data obtained was subjected to analysis of descriptive statistics, correlation and multiple regressions. The findings indicated that principals were rated to be excellent in leadership qualities and competencies by their teachers. Furthermore all the eight dimensions of leadership qualities are proved to be significant determinant for leadership competencies

Key Words : School Principals, Leadership, Leadership Qualities, Leadership Competencies

Author Biography

Sailesh Sharma, Institute of Educational Leadership ,University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Dr. Sailesh.Sharma is international faculty member with Institute of Educational Leadership, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. He is active reseracher and has published various articles in refereed journals.He has also presented papers in international conferences in various countries. His areas of research are instructional leadership, leadership for learning,leadership standards, turning around leadership


Barth, R. (1990). Improving Schools from within. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
Brenninkmeyer, L.D. and Spillane. (2008). Problem –solving processes of expert typical
principals: a quantitative look. School Leadership and Management, 435-468
Caldwell B (1998) Strategic leadership, resource management and effective school reform.
Journal of Educational Administration 36(5): 445–461.
Chaudhary ,L. (2013). Gen Next India : A nation of semi –literate private school children. First
Cheng, Y.C (1994). Principal‟s leadership as a critical indicator of school performance:
Evidence from multi-levels of primary schools, School Effectiveness and School
Improvement: An International Journal of Research, Policy and Practice, 5(3), 299- 317.
Cooper , R.K. and Sawaf, A. (1997). Executive EQ : Emotional intelligence in leadership and
organization Grosset / Putnum, New York.
DeFranco, J. A. & Golden, N.L. (2003). Educational leadership improvement tool: A
research-based assessment, evaluation, & improvement tool for school administrators.
Dulewicz,S.V.D. and Higgs , M.J.(2000). Emotional intelligence : a review an evaluation study .Journal of Managerial Psychology , 15 ( 4) : 341-68
Goffee, R and Jones, G. (2000).Why should anyone be led by you? Harvard Business Review,
September October, 63-67.
Govinda, R., and Varghese, N. V.( 1993). Quality of Primary Schooling in India: A Case Study
of Madhya Pradesh. Paris: International Institute for Educational Planning, and New Delhi:
National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration (NIEPA
Hallinger, P. (2005). Instructional leadership and the school principal: A passing fancy that
refuses to fade away. Leadership and Policy in Schools Journal, 4, 1-20
Higgs, M.J and Rowland. (2000).Building change leadership capability: The quest for change
competence, Journal of Change Management, 116-131.
Hopkins, D. (2001a). School improvement for real. London: Falmer Press
Hoy, W.K., and Miskel, C.G. (2008). Educational administration: Theory, research, and
practice. 8th.ed. Boston: McGrawHill.
Hunter-Boykin, H. S., and Evans, V. 1995. The relationship between high school principals’
leadership and teachers' morale. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 22(2), 152-163
Kets de Vries,M.R. (1993).Leaders,Fools ,Imposters,Jossey-Bass,San Franscisco,C.A.
Kingdon, G (2007) 'The Progress of School Education in India', Oxford Review of Economic
Policy 23, No. 2, 168-195.
Lee, J.C.K, Walker, A. and Bodycott, P. (2000). Pre-service primary teachers‟ perceptions about
principals in Hong Kong: Implications for teachers and principal education, Asia-Pacific
Journal of Teacher Education, 28(1), 53-67.
Leithwood, K. & Jantzi, D. (1999). The relative effects of principal and teachers sources of
leadership on student engagement with school. Educational Administration Quarterly,
Luo, M. (2004). Geographic disparities of Chinese school principals’ leadership capacities: A
perspective of teachers, perceptions, International Studies in Educational Administration,
32(3), 20-33.
Luo, M. and Najjar, L. (2007). The Chinese Principal Leadership capacities as perceived by
Master Teachers, Academic Leadership: the Online Journal
Mulford B and Silins H (2009) Revised models and conceptualization of successful school
principalship in Tasmania. In: Mulford B and Edmunds B (eds) Successful School
Principalship in Tasmania. Tasmania:Faculty of Education, Launceston: 157–183.
Muralidharan, K. and. Kremer, M. ( 2006). Private and public schools in rural India. Mimeo

Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

Robinson V, Lloyd C and Rowe K (2008) The impact of leadership on student outcomes: an
analysis of the differential effects of leadership types. Educational Administration
Quarterly 44(5): 635–674
Ryback,D. (1998). Putting emotional intelligence to work-Successful leadership is more than IQ,
Butterworth –Heinenann, Woburn
Scotti, Jr. and William, H. (1987). Analysis of organizational incongruity using teachers’
perceptions of the Principals’ leadership behavior, Education, 108(1), pp: 27-33.
Sergiovanni, T. J. (1995). The headteachership: A reflective practice perspective. Boston: Allyn
and Bacon
Sharma, S. (2010). Preferred leadership qualities of principals-What do teachers prefer? Journal
Management & Leadership, 2, 42-58
Sharma, S. (2011).Attributes of school principals-leadership qualities and capacities.
Proceedings International Congress on School Effectiveness & Improvement, Cyprus.
Sharma,S.,Sun,H.C., Kannan,S. (2012). A comparative analysis on leadership qualities of school
principals in China, Malaysia and India.International online journal of educational
Waters, T., Marzano, R.J. & McNulty, B. (2003). Balanced Leadership: What 30 years of
research tells us about the effect of leadership on student achievement. Aurora, CO: Mid-
continent Research for Education and Learning.
West, M., Jackson, D., Harris, A. and Hopkins, D. (2000). Leadership for school improvement’in
K. Riley and K.Seashore Louis. Leadership for change. London: Routledge Falmer Press.
1223 Views | 522 Downloads
How to Cite
Sharma, S. (2015). DO LEADERSHIP QUALITIES DETERMINE COMPETENT PRINCIPALS. Innovare Journal of Education, 3(1), 1-6. Retrieved from
Research Article(s)