HIGH-PERFORMANCE THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPTLC) FINGERPRINTING PATTERN OF MANGROVE AVICENNIA MARINA
Objective: An attempt has been made to study phytoconstituents and High-Performance Thin Layer Chromatography (HPTLC) fingerprinting pattern of leaf/stem/root methanol extracts of Avicennia marina.
Methods: The phytochemical screening was done by standard biochemical methods and standard optimized HPTLC densitometry determination was performed under two different energy zones [under UV-254 nm and under 540 nm after derivatization at sample size-10 Âµl, temperature = 25.8Â±0.3 Â°C (constant) and relative humidity = 86Â±1% (constant) in optimized solvent system].
Results: Phytochemical analysis confirmed the presence of phytochemicals in the leaf, stem, and root of the plant. Under UVâ€“254 nm energy range, the leaf, stem and root extract showed the presence of 8, 6 and 5 components respectively and under 540 nm energy zone after derivatization, the leaf, stem and root extract revealed the presence of 7, 5 and 5 components, respectively and specific marker components with very high concentration (under UV-254 nm; 3, 2, 2 in leaf, stem, and root respectively and under 540 nm after ASR treatment; 2, 1, 2 in leaf, stem, and root respectively) were detected among them.
Conclusion: The preliminary phytochemical test results elucidated Avicennia marina leaf, stem, and root as a hug reservoir of various class of phytochemicals and metabolites. The results obtained by HPTLC fingerprinting method found to be acceptable as a quick, reliable, accurate and economical for identification and authentication of Avicennia marina mangrove plant and useful to differentiate this mangrove species from other similar mangroves, in a single TLC plate run. This serves as a biochemical marker pattern for leaf, stem and root parts of this mangrove and for its diverse phytoconstituents.
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