INCIDENCE OF HYPERTENSION IN ASTHMA PATIENTS WHO TREATED WITH BETA-2 AGONISTS BRONCHODILATORS


Aprilita Rina Yanti Eff

Abstract


Objective: To determine the prevalence of hypertension in hospitalized patients with asthma who were treated with beta-2 agonists. To evaluate the correlation between the duration of the use of beta-2 agonist with the incidence of hypertension.

Methods: This research is a descriptive epidemiological, observational cross-sectional and retrospective study design. The study population was all adult asthma patients (age ≥ 25) without a concomitant diseases such as hypertension or metabolic syndrome treated with β2 agonists as a bronchodilator and underwent hospitalized in January 2015-December 2015 (n=108). Patient data were collected from the medical record. Data were analyzed using univariate and bivariate to count the number of occurrences of hypertension and recognizing the correlation between the duration of the use of β2 agonists with hypertension event.

Results: The incidence of hypertension in patients with asthma who were treated with beta-2 agonists are 50, 93% at the stage of pre-hypertension (120 mm Hg/80 mm Hg) and 25, 9% in stage I hypertension (140 mmHg/90 mmHg). Body weight and duration of therapy with a β2 agonist positively correlated with the incidence of hypertension with a correlation coefficient (r) 0.231 and 0.386 respectively.

Conclusion: In this study, duration of therapy with a β2 agonist in asthma patients positively correlated with the incidence of hypertension.

 


Keywords


Incidence of hypertension, Asthma patients, Bronchodilators, β2 agonists

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About this article

Title

INCIDENCE OF HYPERTENSION IN ASTHMA PATIENTS WHO TREATED WITH BETA-2 AGONISTS BRONCHODILATORS

Keywords

Incidence of hypertension, Asthma patients, Bronchodilators, β2 agonists

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i4.17013

Date

27-02-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 9, Issue 4, 2017 Page: 181-184

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Statistics

30 Views | 49 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Aprilita Rina Yanti Eff
Departement of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences Esa Unggul University, Jakarta-Indonesia
Indonesia

 

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