ENHANCEMENT IN THE COW FEED VALUE OF SOME AGRO-INDUSTRIAL BY-PRODUCTS MEDIATED BY SOLID STATE FERMENTATION WITHTRICHODERMA VIRIDE
Objective: The idea behind this work is to investigate the possible improvement in nutritional values of agro industrial by products namely black gram husk (Vignamungo), yellow pigeon pea husk (Cajanuscajan) and black chick pea husk(Cicerarietinum) using Trichoderma viride a fungus over a period of 15 days.
Methods: The samples were analyzed for their proximate composition according to the standard methods of A.O.A.C.
Results: Substantial improvement was observed in the protein content for black gram husk and black chick pea husk. The crude fibre of the treated samples of black gram husk, black chick pea husk decreased when compared to the untreated. But there was a trivial decrease in the protein content and increase in crude fibre content for Yellow pigeon pea husk treated with Trichoderma viride than untreated. Ether extract was found to be reduced for all the three treated samples. Significant reduction in the cell wall content of the husk samples was observed.
Conclusion: Results of the study showed that fungal biodegradation of the agro industrial by-products can enhance their nutritional status. Using such by-products to feed cow can produce improved quantity of milk.
2. Khadelwel M, Datta S, Meehta I, Naruka R, Makhijani R, Sharma G, et al. Isolation, Charaterization and biomass production of Trichoderma viride using various agro products. J Pel Res Lib 2012;3:3950-55.
3. Rahman A, Begum M F, Rahman M, Bari M A, Ilias M and Alam F. Isolation and identification of Trichoderma species from different habitats and their use for bioconversion of solid waste. Tur. J of Biol 2011;35:183-94.
4. Raju V G, Reddy M M, Kumar S P, Sandeep V, Thiruvedhula M S N, Bommisetti S K, Venkat N, Ravella and Reddy S G. Isolation and Identification of Contaminants in Mass Cultivation of Bio-control Agent: Trichoderma viride. Int. J Res in Pharm and Biomed Sci 2013;4:250-5.
5. Lieckfeldt E, Gary J, Samuels, Helgard I, Nirenberg and Pertrini O. A morphological and molecular perpestive of Trichodermaviride. App. and Env. Micro., 1999;2:2418-28.
6. Papavizas G C and Lumsden R D. Improved Medium for Isolation of Trichodermaspp from soil. J Plan Dis 1982;66:1019-20.
7. Iyayi E A and Aderolu Z A. Enhancement of the feeding value of some agro-industrial by-product for laying hens after their solid state fermentation with Trichoderma viride. Afr. J Biotechnol 2004;3:182-5.
8. Aderolu A Z, Iyayi E A and Onilude A A. Change in nutritional value of rice husk during Trichoderma viride degradation. Bulg. J Agri Sci 2007;13:583-9.
9. A.O.A.C. Official methods for analysis of the association of official analytical chemists., 2000;15th edition.
10. Rizal Y, Mahatam E, Joli I and Wu G. Improving Trichoderma viride for Poultry Diet. Pak. J of Nut 2012;11:203-207.
11. Suranindyah Y and Astuti A. The effects of feeding dried fermented cassava peel on milk production and composition of Etawah crossed bred goat. Wor Aca ofSci Engg and Tech 2012;70:10-21.
12. Hilda G, Nufez G, Sergio J, Gomex R, Carlos E, Esquivel G E, Bernah G N A and Campos R M. Isolation of Native strains of Trichodermasppfrom horticultural soils of the valley of Toluca, for potential Biocontrol of Sclerotinia. Trop. and Subtrop. Agro ecosys 2012;15:357-362.
13. Onyimba I A, Ogbonna C I, Akuneshi C O and Ogbonna A I. Microbia Processing of spent sorghum grains for possible use as chicken feed. ISOR J Pharm and Biol Sci 2014;9:34-37.