AWARENESS ON CERVICAL CANCER-RISK ASSESSMENT


B. Divya Jyothi, S. Bhavya Sai, B. Chaitanya Lakshmi, Sk. Shafiya Begum, Dr. A. Satish Kumar

Abstract


Objective: To create awareness on cervical cancer, a level of knowledge about cervical cancer, to be advised of effective screening procedures based on their risk assessment, to educate about preventive measures after screening.

Methods: This is a prospective questionnaire-based survey conducted by providing materials such as patient information leaflets, video clips and posters and educating the public regarding the disease from 1st January 2016–30th June 2016 i.e. for a period of 6 mo.

Results: Knowledge was provided by using pictures, presentations, and patient information leaflets. Out of 1000 population, the respondents 762 (76.2%) females and 200 (20%) males were aware of cervical cancer. Among the 48 women who attended the screening, 23(47.9%) were identified with various symptoms and are on treatment. Out of these, 3 members were diagnosed positively and level of knowledge has increased significantly after creating awareness.

Conclusion: Primarily health care professionals such as nurses and pharmacists should also be educated in various aspects to upgrade their knowledge as it was observed that their level of knowledge was relatively low. Clinical pharmacist in this regard has a major role to play in up lifting and improving the quality of life of the patient.


Keywords


Cervical cancer, Knowledge, Screening, Awareness

| PDF | HTML |

References


A Saha, AN Chaudhury, PB howmik, R Chatterjee. Awareness of cervical cancer among female students of premier colleges in Kolkata, India: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2010;11:1085-90.

Amosu AM, Degun AM, Babalola AO, Thomas MA. Level of specific knowledge, awareness, perception, and screening behaviour regarding carcinoma of the cervix among rural women in Iwo local Government Area, Osun State, Nigeria. Ann Biol Res 2011;2:206-21.

CH Rama, LL Villa, S Pagliusi, MA Andreoli, MC Costa, AL Aoki, AL Filho, JEluf-Neto. Awareness and knowledge of HPV, cervical cancer, and vaccines in young women after first delivery in São Paulo, Brazil-a cross-sectional study. BMC Women's Health 2010;10:35:1472-4.

DC Johnson, MP Bhatta, S Gurung, SAP Lhaki, S Shrestha. Knowledge and awareness of human papillomavirus (HPV), cervical cancer and HPV vaccine among women in two distinct Nepali communities. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014;15:8287-93.

EC Interis, Chidinma P Anakwenze, M Aung, PE Jolly. Increasing cervical cancer awareness and screening in Jamaica: effectiveness of a theory-based educational intervention: a cross-sectional study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2016;13:3390.

FS Hodge, HA Stubbs, V Gurgin, L Fredericks. Cervical cancer screening knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour of American Indian women. Am Cancer Soc 1998;83:1799–804.

G Ertem. Awareness of cervical cancer risk factors and screening behaviour among nurses in a rural region of turkey: a cross-sectional study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2009;10:735-8.

G Guvenc, A Akyuz, CH Acikel. Health belief model scale for cervical cancer and pap smear test: psychometric testing. J Adv Nurs 2011;2:428–37.

K Jaglarz, KA Tomaszewski, W Kamzol, M Puskulluoglu, K Krzemieniecki. Creating and field-testing the questionnaire for the assessment of knowledge about cervical cancer and its prevention among schoolgirls and female students. Gynecol Oncol 2013;25:81-9.

LW Smith, F Khurshed, DJV Niekerk, M Krajden, SB Greene, S Hobbs, et al. Women’s intentions to self-collect samples for human papillomavirus testing in an organized cervical cancer screening program. BMC Public Health 2014;14:1471-2458.

N Sogukpınar, BK Saydam, H Ozturk Can, A Hadımlı, OD Bozkurt, U Yücel, et al. Assessment of cervical cancer risk in women between 15 and 49 Y of age. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2013;14:2119-25.

Owoeye IOG, Ibrahim IA. Knowledge and attitude towards cervical cancer screening among female students and staff in a tertiary institution in the Niger Delta. Int J Management Business Res 2013:2:48-56.

Elizabeth AM, Anne WT, W Peter. Awareness of cervical cancer risk factors and practice of Pap smear testing among female primary school teachers in Kasarani division, Nairobi Kenya. Afr J Health Sci 2012;21:121-32.

PE Castle, M Sideri, J Jeronimo, D Solomon, M Schiffman. Risk assessment to guide the prevention of cervical cancer. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2007;197:356, e1-e6.

RM Austin, A Onisko, MJ Druzdzel. The pittsburgh cervical cancer screening model-a risk assessment tool. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2010;134:744–50.

SZ Assoumou, BM Mabika, AN Mbiguino, M Mouallif, A Khattabi, MM Ennaji: Awareness and knowledge regarding of cervical cancer, pap smear screening, and human papillomavirus infection in Gabonese women: BMC Women's Health 2015;15:37.

T Dhendup, P Tshering. Cervical cancer knowledge and screening behaviours among female university graduates of the year 2012 attending the national graduate orientation program, Bhutan. BMC Women's Health 2014;14:1472-6874.

U Ibrahim. Assessment of cervical cancer knowledge, perception, and prevention attitude among female students of reproductive age (16–49) in four tertiary institutions within Bauchi Metropolis. Int J Adv Res Technol 2014;3:2278.

V Kulkarni, Darshan BB, A Tandon, B Unnikrishnan, Sriranjani Iyer, A Kukreja, et al. Awareness and practice regarding cervical cancer prevention among female college students of mangalore city. India: Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2015;8:305-7.

Y Hong, C Zhang, Xiaoming Li, D Lin, Y Liu. HPV and cervical cancer-related knowledge, Awareness, and testing behaviours in a community sample of female sex workers in China; 2013. Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/2014/1471-2458 13:696. [Last accessed on 01 Mar 2017].




About this article

Title

AWARENESS ON CERVICAL CANCER-RISK ASSESSMENT

Keywords

Cervical cancer, Knowledge, Screening, Awareness

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2018v10i2.18882

Date

01-02-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 10, Issue 2, 2018 Page: 15-23

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Statistics

64 Views | 26 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

B. Divya Jyothi
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lam, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh,
India

S. Bhavya Sai
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lam, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh,
India

B. Chaitanya Lakshmi
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lam, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh,
India

Sk. Shafiya Begum
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Chalapathi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lam, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh,
India

Dr. A. Satish Kumar
Department of Oncology, Govt. general hospital, Guntur
India


Article Tools



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.