• Jitendra Sharma District Epidemiologist, Office of the Joint Director of Health Services, Lakhimpur, Assam


Objective: After observing the increasing trend in numbers of fever cases from Joyhing and Koilamari tea estate, mass fever surveys were conducted to determine the prevalence of malaria cases in the affected areas.

Methods: Finger prick blood samples were collected from 368 patients having complained of fever and headache. Rapid malaria test kit was used for initial detection of malaria parasite. Further microscopic slide examination was also performed for confirmation. Taking microscopic examination as a gold standard method, the efficiency of rapid malaria test kit was determined by using statistical calculation.

Results: In rapid malaria test kit, P. falciparum malaria parasite was detected in 87 cases. Beside this, P. vivax infection was observed in 10 cases. Patients had no travel history. Females were more susceptible to malarial infection. Children's and adults were almost equally vulnerable to malaria infection. Among the positive samples, 88.66% cases were having symptoms of fever and remaining cases were asymptomatic. Taking macroscopic slide examination as a gold standard method, the sensitivity and specificity of SD malaria one step antigen rapid test was 100% and 97.83% respectively.

Conclusion: The disease prevalence was 24.73%. For active detection of malaria incidence, mass fever survey is needed in other tea garden areas where increasing trend of fever cases were observed.

Keywords: Assam, Lakhimpur, Malaria, P. falciparum, Tea garden


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Jitendra Sharma, District Epidemiologist, Office of the Joint Director of Health Services, Lakhimpur, Assam

District Epidemiologist

Department of integrated disease surveillance

Office of the Joint Director of Health Services, Lakhimpur, Assam


1. Coura JR, Suárez-Mutis M, Ladeia-Andrade S. A new challenge for malaria control in Brazil: a symptomatic Plasmodium infection-a review. J Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz Rio de Janeiro 2006;101(3):229-37.
2. [Accessed on 1st June, 2014].
3. The Hindu, 5th May, 2006 [Accessed on 20 th April, 2014].
4. Sharma J, Dutta P, Khan SA, Mahanta J. Serum ferritin and hematological feature among malaria patients in Assam. Online J Biosci Inf 2013;4(1):96-110.
5. Staalsoe T, Hviid L. The role of variant-specific immunity in asymptomatic malaria infections:maintaining a fine balance. J Parasitol Today 1998;14:177-8.
6. Bousema JT, Gouagna LC, Drakeley CJ, Meutstege AM, Okech BA, Akim IN et al. Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte carriage in asymptomatic children in western Kenya. Malar J 2004;3:18.
7. Sharma J, Dutta P, Khan SA, Chowdhury P, Borah J, Mahanta J. Comparison of different diagnostic techniques for detection of Malaria infection in blood samples collected from Malaria endemic areas of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. IJSER 2013;4(9):2587-603.
8. Nayak NP, Nayak RP, Soans ST, Alva S, Ahamed Z, Kotinakanot S. A study of the clinical profile and management of malaria in pediatric age group in a tertiary care hospital in Mangalore. Asian Pac J Trop Dis 2014;4(1):158-61.
9. Wasnik PN, Manohar TP, Humaney NR, Salkar HR. Study of clinical profile of falciparum malaria in a tertiary referral centre in central India. JAPI 2012;60:33-6.
10. Chandrashekar UK, Sudharshan Murthy KA, Sunila. A study on clinical profile and outcome in falciparum malaria. J Calicut Medical 2011;9(3):e6.
11. Chowta MN, Chowta KN. Study of clinical profile of malaria at KMC, Hospital Attavar, India. J Clin Diagn Res 2007;1(3):110-5.
12. World Health Organization:Women and Health:Today’s Evidence Tomorrow’s Agenda. Geneva;2009. http:// apps. /10665/70119/1/WHO_IER_MHI_STM
13. 09.1_eng.pdf. [Accessed on 1st June, 2014].
14. Muddaiah M, Prakash PS. A study of clinical profile of malaria in a tertiary referel centre in South Canara. J Vector Borne Dis 2006;43:29-33.
15. Bhadja P, Ashokkumar Vaghela H. Study on malaria patients at Rajkot, Gujarat, India. J Life Sci Leaflets 2013;1(5):72-80.
16. Nissapatorn V, Limya Jamaiah I, Agnes LS, Amyliana K, Wen CC, Nurul H et al. Parasitic infections in Malaysia:Changing and Challenges, South east. Asian J Trop Med Public Health 2005;36(4):50-9.
17. [Accessed on 29th July, 2014].
285 Views | 606 Downloads
How to Cite
Sharma, J. “PREVALENCE OF MALARIA CASES IN TEA GARDEN AREAS OF LAKHIMPUR DISTRICT, ASSAM”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 6, no. 8, Aug. 2014, pp. 571-3,
Original Article(s)