MICROWAVE-ASSISTED EXTRACTION OF BIO-ACTIVE COMPOUNDS (PHENOLICS AND ALKAMIDES) FROM ECHINACEA PURPUREA
Objective: Echinacea purpurea is used widely for its unspecific enhancement of the immune system. It contains multiple bioactive substances, including, phenolics (caffeic acid derivatives), flavonoids, anthocyanins and alkamides. In this currently investigation, efforts are focused on the evaluation of extraction techniques viz., conventional extraction (CE) and microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) for the regeneration of the active constituents of Echinacea purpurea.
Methods: The aerial parts have been separately extracted with 80% methanol by two methods; CE and MAE. Identification of the isolated compounds was carried out by spectroscopic analysis viz., UV, TLC, 1H- NMR and MS. TLC scanner system and RP-HPLC with UV detection have been employed for the quantitative determination of caffeic acid derivatives and that of alkamides content in both extracts.
Results: Chicoric and caftaric acids have been isolated and identified. The results of the TLC scanner system have revealed that the concentration is about 1.19 ± 0.02 and 1.35 ± 0.03 % (w/w) for caftaric and chicoric acid, respectively of the dry plant material extracted with CE, while the concentration is 1.81 ± 0.04 and 6.19 ± 0.26 % (w/w) for the two acids, respectively of the dry plant material extracted by MAE. The results of the HPLC have revealed that the concentration of alkamides is 0.25 and 0.33 % (w/w) of the dry plant material obtained with CE and MAE, respectively.
Conclusion: Our study proved that MAE is a more effective technique compared to the CE. Extraction time was reduced, with the use of less solvent and the yield amount of the extracted active compounds was increased.
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