ANTIOXIDANT, ANTIHYPERGLYCEMIC AND ANTIGLYCATION PROPERTIES OF SOME SWERTIA SPECIES FROM WESTERN GHATS
Objective: Oxidative stress and Advanced Glycation End-products have been associated with diabetic complications. Therefore, natural compounds or extracts that possess both antioxidant and anti-glycation activities might have great therapeutic potential for treating diabetic complications.
Methods: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the total phenolics, total flavonoids, antioxidant, antihyperglycemic and anti-glycation properties of aqueous extracts of some Swertia species from Western Ghats.
Results: The present study revealed that the S. Minor showed the highest amount of total phenolics, total flavonoids and antioxidant activities as compared to other species under study. Swertia angustifolia var. pulchella showed prominent decrease in blood glucose level and the S. lawii distillate showed the highest reduction in fructosamine content with greater anti-glycation property.
Conclusion: All the Swertia species distillate analyzed in this study has exhibited potent hypoglycemic activity. Our study tends to support the traditional use of these medicinally important species and alternative source of diabetic medicines. Further study required to analyze the phytochemicals and their mechanism related to antioxidant, antidiabetic and antiglycation properties.
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