COMPARATIVE QUANTITATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF THE LEAVES OF SENNA ITALICA COLLECTED FROM DIFFERENT AREAS IN LIMPOPO PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA


S. S. Gololo, N. S. Mapfumari, M. A. Mogale

Abstract


Objective: The current study was aimed at comparative quantitative phytochemical analysis of the leaves of S. italica collected from four districts in Limpopo province, South Africa, in order to establish whether geographical location have an effect on the accumulation of phytochemicals within the leaves of the plant species under study.

Methods: The leaves of S. italica were collected from four districts in Limpopo province of South Africa namely; Capricorn, Sekhukhune, Vhembe and Waterberg districts, dried, ground to powder and extracted using different organic solvents. The extracts of the leaf samples from different locations were subjected to quantitative phytochemical analysis for total phenolic content, total tannin content, total flavonoid content and total saponin content using spectrophotometric measurements. The resultant quantities were analysed for statistical differences.

Results: The leaf samples of S. italica from the four districts in Limpopo province showed significant differences (*p<0.05) in their phytochemical quantities, with main data expressed as mean±SD. Total phenolic content was in highest amounts in leaf samples from Waterberg district compared to samples from other districts. Total tannin content was in highest amounts in the Vhembe district leaf samples compared to samples from other districts. Total flavonoid content was in highest amounts in the leaf samples from Waterberg district compared to samples from other districts. Total saponin content was in highest amounts in the Vhembe district leaf samples compared to samples from other districts.

Conclusion: The findings of the study thus suggest that geographical location has an effect on the accumulation of phytochemicals in the leaves of S. italica.


Keywords


Medicinal plants, Phytochemical accumulation, Geographical location, Altitude, Quantitative phytochemical analysis, Senna italic

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About this article

Title

COMPARATIVE QUANTITATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF THE LEAVES OF SENNA ITALICA COLLECTED FROM DIFFERENT AREAS IN LIMPOPO PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA

Keywords

Medicinal plants, Phytochemical accumulation, Geographical location, Altitude, Quantitative phytochemical analysis, Senna italic

DOI

10.22159/ijpps.2018v10i2.22950

Date

01-02-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Vol 10, Issue 2, 2018 Page: 67-71

Online ISSN

0975-1491

Authors & Affiliations

S. S. Gololo
Senior Lecturer of Biochemistry, School of Science and Technology, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa,
South Africa

N. S. Mapfumari
PhD candidate in Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa
South Africa

M. A. Mogale
Associate Professor of Biochemistry, School of Science and Technology, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa
South Africa


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