MEDICINES WASTE POLICIES AND THE POPULATION KNOWLEDGE IN BRAZIL

  • ELISANGELA MORAIS ROCATTO Management Environmental Health Medicine School of ABC, FMABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil
  • THAIS MOURA GASCON BELARDO Management Environmental Health Medicine School of ABC, FMABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil
  • ISMAEL FERNANDES ANDRADE Management Environmental Health Medicine School of ABC, FMABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil
  • FERNANDO L. A. FONSECA Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Sao Paulo, UNIFESP, Diadema, SP, Brazil
  • MIRIAM MARQUETE REIS Management Environmental Health Medicine School of ABC, FMABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil
  • ODAIR RAMOS Management Environmental Health Medicine School of ABC, FMABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil
  • JOICE ANAIZE TONON DO AMARAL Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, USP, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • LIGIA AJAIME AZZALIS Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Sao Paulo, UNIFESP, Diadema, SP, Brazil
  • VIRGINIA JUNQUEIRA Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Sao Paulo, UNIFESP, Diadema, SP, Brazil
  • RENATA SALATINI Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, USP, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • RODRIGO DAMINELLO RAIMUNDO Management Environmental Health Medicine School of ABC, FMABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil
  • TATIANA DIAS DE CARVALHO Management Environmental Health Medicine School of ABC, FMABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the degree of knowledge of the patients enrolled in the Unified Health System of the Medicine School of ABC (Faculdade de Medicina do ABC) regarding the proper use and disposal of medicaments.


Methods: Participants were recruited for convenience, during their medical appointments at the clinic of the Medical School of ABC (Santo André, Sao Paulo, Brazil) in the period from 04 August to 30 September 2014. Data collection was conducted through a self-administered poll designed specifically for the purpose of this study, which consisted of 25 questions multiple choice about socioeconomic issues and the subject disposal of drugs, consumption and environmental pollution.


Results: We selected the 140 patients’ polls. Most of them is of white ethnicity (58%) and female (58%). Level of education: 31% have completed secondary education (31%) or incomplete graduation (19%). Most of the participants (76%) buy drugs without a prescription, and most families (76%) seek understanding by reading the labels. 71.43% reported knowing that incorrect disposal of drugs could contaminate the environment, but 78% reported never having seen or received information about these. After using, 22.15% maintains the medication at home for future use, 55% of subjects reported improper disposal sites and 13% are delivered in health care institutions.


Conclusion: Our study has showed that most participants inappropriately use and dispose of drugs, even though they know they can contaminate the environment.

Keywords: Environmental Education, Public health, Environmental contamination, and drugs

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References

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How to Cite
ROCATTO, E. M., T. M. G. BELARDO, I. F. ANDRADE, F. L. A. FONSECA, M. M. REIS, O. RAMOS, J. A. T. D. AMARAL, L. A. AZZALIS, V. JUNQUEIRA, R. SALATINI, R. D. RAIMUNDO, and T. D. D. CARVALHO. “MEDICINES WASTE POLICIES AND THE POPULATION KNOWLEDGE IN BRAZIL”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 11, no. 4, Feb. 2019, pp. 39-43, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2019v11i4.27907.
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Original Article(s)