A STUDY ON EVALUATION OF POTASSIUM ABNORMALITIES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Objective: To study the occurrence, causes, predisposing factors and management of potassium abnormalities in a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: Inour studywhich was for aduration of six months, we recorded patient demographics, electrolyte levels, complete blood picture, liver function tests, renal parameters, comorbid conditions,medication reconciliation and electro cardio gram (ECG) changes. The data was analyzed to find out the cause for potassium abnormality and was categorize based on their severity.
Results:A total of 200 cases of potassium abnormalities was normalized during the study period. We observed158(80%)cases with hypokalemia, 37 (17%) cases with hyperkalemia and 5 (3%) caseswith subsequentPotassium abnormalities. We observed the majority of hypokalemiaarewith disease induced 87(55.06%) cases and 118 (74.0%)cases were with mild hypokalemia. Syruppotassium chloride was usedto normalize the serum potassium levels. Majority of the hyperkalemia cases were disease induced and was found in 19(51.35%)cases and 22 (59.45%) casescome under mild categorywhich was managed with injection calciumgluconate.
Conclusion: Hypokalemia was the most common potassium abnormality seen in hospitalized patients.Disease inducedpotassium abnormalitieswas found to be more common in both hypo and hyperkalemia. The potassium levels were normalized with no major negative outcomes. Continuous monitoring of electrolyte levels is required for the patient to prevent further complications.
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