THE INFLUENCE OF AERATED DRINKS ON THE BLOOD PRESSURE AND HEART RATE OF YOUNG ADULTS

  • Somashekar Shetty Department of Biochemistry Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Campus, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE) Manipal, India 576104
  • NITHYA ANTHONY DASS Department of Biochemistry Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Campus, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE) Manipal, India 576104

Abstract

Objective: To study the relationship of aerated drink (soft drink) consumption on the blood pressure and heart rate of student population.


Methods: 50 medical students (25 male and 25 female) volunteered to participate in this study. The blood pressure and heart rate of the student was taken and recorded as initial blood pressure (pre-test, control). The student was then given 250 ml of aerated drink. After 20 min* the blood pressure (BP) and heart rate of the student was taken once again (post-test) and the reading was recorded.


Results: The statistical analysis suggest that, there was 0.88±0.10 mm/Hg increase in the mean arterial pressure, subsequent to the consumption of the aerated drink in the male student population and 2.85±0.18 mm/Hg in the female student population. Similarly, 0.76±0.03 beats/minute increase in the heart rate in male population and 1.2±0.05 beats/minute was observed in female population.


Conclusion: In our study aerated drink have not shown a significant effect on mean arterial pressure and heart rate in both males and females. Chronic consumption may have the effect on mean arterial pressure and heart rate but random consumption may not have significant effect.

Keywords: Aerated drink, Blood pressure, Heart rate

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Somashekar Shetty, Department of Biochemistry Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Campus, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE) Manipal, India 576104

BIOCHEMISTRY

PROFESSOR

References

1. Nowak D, Jasionowski A. Analysis of the consumptions of caffeinated energy drinks among polish adolescents. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2015;12:7910–21.
2. Temple JL. Caffeine use in children: what we know, what we have left to learn, and why we should worry. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2009;33:793–806.
3. Cooper C, Atkinson EJ, Wahner HW, O’Fallon WM, Riggs BL, Judd HL, et al. Is caffeine consumption a risk factor for osteoporosis? J Bone Miner Res 1992;7:465–71.
4. Marks R. Energy drinks: a potentially overlooked obesity correlate. Adv Obes Weight Manag Control 2015;2:00019.
5. Rush E, Schulz S, Obolonkin V, Simmons D, Plank L. Are energy drinks contributing to the obesity epidemic? Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2006;15:242–4.
6. Monnard C, Jean Pierre M, Grasser K. Cerebro-and cardio-vascular responses to energy drink in young adults: Is there a gender effect? Front Physiol 2016;346:1–11.
7. Sivaprasad P, Siddhartha N, Charan V, Naveenbabu K, Siva RC, Ravindrababu P. A prospective study on the assessment of risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in outpatients department of a south Indian tertiary care hospital: a case-control study. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2016;9:300-4.
8. Brown CM, Dulloo AG, Yepuri G, Montani JP. Fructose ingestion acutely elevates blood pressure in healthy young humans. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2008;294:730-7.
9. Gokul G, Abilasha S. Tooth sensitivity among residential university students in Chennai. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2016;9:63-5.
Statistics
118 Views | 127 Downloads
Citatons
How to Cite
Shetty, S., and N. A. DASS. “THE INFLUENCE OF AERATED DRINKS ON THE BLOOD PRESSURE AND HEART RATE OF YOUNG ADULTS”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 11, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 68-70, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2019v11i5.31952.
Section
Short Communication(s)