• HANI DIMASSI Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Lebanese American University, P. O. Box: 36 (S23), Byblos, Lebanon
  • MAGGY MAKHOUL School of Pharmacy, Lebanese American University, P. O. Box: 36 (S23), Byblos, Lebanon
  • JOANNE KHABSA School of Pharmacy, Lebanese American University, P. O. Box: 36 (S23), Byblos, Lebanon
  • MARGUERITA SAADEH Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University, Widerströmska Huset, Tomtebodavägen 18a, Floor 10, Stockholm
  • SHADI SALEH Associate Vice President for Health Affairs, Founding Director, Global Health Institute, Professor of Health Systems and Financing, American University of Beirut, P. O. Box 11-0236/(Department), Riad El-Solh/Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon



Pharmacists, Physicians, Healthcare, Community pharmacy, Drug information, Counseling, Trust


Objective: Optimal disease management is influenced by a solid patient-health provider relationship; which includes trust in the provider. The study compares respondents’ trust in pharmacists and physicians for the delivery of drug information.

Methods: Residents of 3 rural communities in Lebanon, aged 40 and above, were invited to participate in the study, 760 accepted. Participants were asked who they trust the most with information about their medication: their physician or their pharmacist.

Results: Of the total sample, 154 chose the pharmacist as their most trusted source of medication information (20%). Characteristics associated with choosing the pharmacist were: being a male (29.3% vs 16.2% p<.001), of younger age (31.5% among<50 y, 18.8% among 50-64 y, and 14.6% among 65+years p<.001), single (31.6% vs 21.9% married and 9.3 others, p=0.023), working (39.2% vs15.7% p<.001), and insured (2.3% vs 16.4% p=0.048). The multivariate logistic regression model revealed that having a family member with hypertension (OR=1.86 95% 1.23-2.82), or cardiovascular (OR=3.39 95%CI 1.55-7.45) increased the likelihood of trusting pharmacists over medical doctor. On the other hand, a self-report of cardiovascular disease (OR=0.34 95% CI 0.12-0.95) and taking medication (OR=0.41 95% CI 0.25-0.67) were associated with a decrease in the trust in the pharmacist in favor of the physician.

Conclusion: Although pharmacists are the drug specialists, the majority of the Lebanese rural community residents reported higher trust in their physicians with information about their medication(s).


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How to Cite

DIMASSI, H., M. MAKHOUL, J. KHABSA, M. SAADEH, and S. SALEH. “TRUSTING THE PHARMACIST IN DELIVERING MEDICATION INFORMATION: A COMMUNITY-BASED PERSPECTIVE”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 12, no. 2, Feb. 2020, pp. 26-31, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2020v12i2.35960.



Original Article(s)