ASSESSING COSMECEUTICALS PROPERTIES OF SOME MACROFUNGI FOR IMPROVED SKINCARE
Objective: This study has investigated cosmeceutical properties namely, antibacterial, sun protection factor and total phenolics contents of some selected macrofungi. The studies were conducted on five reference cultures collected from Indian type culture collection center (IMTEC, Chandigarh, India) and five isolates collected from TERI-Deakin Nano Biotechnology Centre facility at TERI Gram, Gurugram, India.
Methods: The cosmeceutical properties of the crude extracts from selected macrofungi were analyzed using standard bioassay techniques. Antibacterial activity was analyzed against Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, Micrococcus luteus, Bacillus megaterium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Acinetobacter baumannii using Agar well diffusion method. The sun protection factor was estimated and calculated using the Mansur equation. Free radical scavenging activity using DPPH was performed to assess the antioxidant activity of the extracts.
Results: Ethyl acetate extracts of the broth from P. florida and TERI-G1 cultures showed a broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against S. epidermidis, E. coli, M. luteus and B. megaterium. Ethyl acetate extracts of the broth from TERI-G3 showed the highest SPF activity of 34.02 at 200 µg. ml-1 concentration. Ethyl acetate extract of the broth from F. velutipes, P. florida, P. ostreatus, and TERI-G1 showed comparable antioxidant activity of 66.86%, 79.51%, 82.02%, and 69.58% respectively when compared to ascorbic acid (85.83%) and quercetin (83.09%) taken as positive control in the study and their total phenolic contents were found to be 6.93, 43.68, 20.88 and 13.77 Gallic acid equivalent (GAE) per gram. The minimal inhibitory concentration of F. velutipes, P. florida, P. ostreatus, and TERI-G1 was found to be 3552.89 µg. ml-1, 1250 µg. ml-1, 2418.9 µg. ml-1 and 3219 µg. ml-1 respectively.
Conclusion: The work is in progress to identify and characterize TERI-G1and TERI G3 cultures. Further studies on the anti-inflammatory, anti-tyrosinase, elastase inhibition properties of the cultures will be assessed to identify potential cosmeceutical active ingredients with promising applications in cosmeceutical products.
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