Clinical Pharmacist-Led Program on Medication Reconciliation and Patient Counseling in the Department of Gastroenterology
BACKGROUND: Medication reconciliation refers to the process of avoiding in-advertent in-consistencies across transitions in care by reviewing the patient’s complete medication regimen at the time of admission, transfer, and discharge and comparing it with the regimen being considered for the new setting of care.Patient counseling refers to the process of providing information, advice and assistance to help patients use their medication appropriately.
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of medication reconciliation and patient counselling on the overall health benefits of the patients in the department of gastroenterology.
METHODS: This study is a prospective interventional study, was conducted in a 500 bedded MNR Hospital. The sample size taken was 150 patients and the study population comprise of patients aged 18-80 years, admitted in the hospital during the study period of six months.
RESULTS: Out of 150 patients there were 98 (65.33%) male patients and 52 (34.67%) female patients. Patients between 18 and 30 years of age were 29(19.33%), between the age 30 and 50 years were 71 (47.33%) and above 50 were 50(33.33%). Pancreatitis was most prevalent with 21% of total prevalence, followed by CLD and cholelithiasis with 17%, then IBD 16%, PUD and Gastritis 5%, GERD 4% and other diseases 15%.
CONCLUSION:The basic role of pharmacist, is to help in minimizing the errors and to perform the medication reconciliation. In patient counseling, pharmacists provide the information about the disease, and the medications to increase the patient safety and the changes in the behavior for the better outcome.
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