• MARIAM AHMED School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
  • HANA MORRISSEY School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9752-537X
  • PATRICK ANTHONY BALL School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8918-2119




Independent prescribing pharmacist, Heart Failure, Depression, Anxiety, Primary Health Care, General Practice


Objective: To establish if depression results in poor adherence to therapy in patients with heart diseases.

Methods: This concept scoping study was conducted in two phases; the first was a systematic review of the literature, and the second part was local data analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using RevMan® V.5.3 (Cochrane Community).

Results: Patients who received multidisciplinary collaborative care showed significantly reduced major adverse cardiac outcomes in patients with cardiovascular diseases. They also demonstrated higher rates of self-reported remission of depression. The review also showed endpoint mortality after PCI was associated with patients having depression. Local population data showed that 26% of heart failure patients had mental ill health comorbidity, however, only 12% had a formal diagnosis recorded.

Conclusion: Depression is associated with poor cardiac outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. It is widespread in patients with cardiovascular disease and must be screened for throughout the management plan.


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How to Cite

AHMED, M., H. MORRISSEY, and P. A. BALL. “A CRITICAL REVIEW AND LOCAL AUDIT OF THE PREVALENCE OF MENTAL ILL-HEALTH IN HEART FAILURE PATIENTS”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 12, no. 5, May 2020, pp. 10-16, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2020v12i5.37159.



Original Article(s)