PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION OF METHYLENE BLUE USING IRON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES SYNTHESIZED USING ANNONA MURICATA LEAF EXTRACT

  • BEENA JOSE Department of Chemistry, Vimala College (Autonomous), Thrissur, Kerala 680009
  • FEMY THOMAS Department of Chemistry, Vimala College (Autonomous), Thrissur, Kerala 680009

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the present study is the synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles using Annona muricata aqueous leaf extract, characterization of the synthesized nanoparticles and evaluation of the antibacterial, photocatalytic activity and cytotoxicity.


Methods: The iron oxide nanoparticle was synthesized using Annona muricata aqueous leaf extract and the crystal structure of the iron oxide nanoparticle was determined by UV-Visible spectroscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The in vitro cytotoxicity of iron oxide nanoparticles was evaluated using Dalton’s lymphoma ascites cells and the antibacterial assay was conducted using agar well diffusion method.


Results: The UV-Visible spectrum of iron oxide nanoparticle showed a maximum absorption peak at 265 nm. This is the XRD pattern of iron oxide nanoparticles exhibited a distinct peak at 26.029 (2θ), accounting for crystal plane (211). SEM images revealed that the synthesized iron oxide nanoparticles were aggregated as irregular sphere shapes with rough surfaces. TEM image reveals the size of the synthesized iron oxide nanoparticles are spherical in shape with an average size of 20 nm. Green synthesized iron oxide nanoparticles using Annona muricata leaf extract effectively degraded methylene blue dye.


Conclusion: This study showed that the synthesized iron oxide nanoparticles using Annona muricata aqueous leaf extract exhibited pronounced antibacterial, anticancer and photocatatytic activity and can be used in the textile industry for the purification of water contaminated with carcinogenic textile dyes. It can also be used as an external antiseptic in the prevention and treatment of bacterial infections.

Keywords: Annona muricata, Green synthesis, Characterization, Iron oxide nanoparticle Photocatalytic degradation, Methylene blue, Antibacterial activity, Cytotoxicity

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Author Biographies

BEENA JOSE, Department of Chemistry, Vimala College (Autonomous), Thrissur, Kerala 680009

            27/7/2019                                        Beena Jose ­ Curriculum Vitae

Curriculum Vitae

PERSONAL

Principal, Vimala College (Autonomous),

University of Calicut,

PIN 680009, Kerala, India.

E mail: drbeenajose@gmail.com

QUALIFICATIONS

B.Sc. Vimala College, University of Calicut (Chemistry), First Rank, 1994

M.Sc. University of Calicut (Chemistry), First Rank, 1996

Ph.D. University of Calicut (Chemistry), 2005

Diploma, Dharmaram Vidya Kshethram, Bangalore (Theology), First Rank, 2006

TORCH International Fellow, Univesity of Oxford, United Kindom 2020

International Visiting Research Scholar in Science and Religion, Jesuit School of Theology of Santa Clara University, California, USA, 2014-2015

International Visiting Research Scholar in Science and Religion, Scholarship and Christianity in Oxford (SCIO), University of Oxford, UK, 2017-2019

Member of Asia-Pacific Chemical Biological & Environmental Engineering Society (APCEES),2011

DOCTORAL DISSERTATION

Phytochemical investigation of a few plants and screening of some secondary metabolites for their biological properties, 2005

GRANTS AWARDED

₹0.08M, “Biochemical studies on Gliricidia sepium and its medicinal applications,” University  Grants Commission, Government of India, 2009-2010

₹1.12M,“Phytochemical investigation, anticancer and antimicrobial potential of Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.)R.Br.,” University Grants Commission, Government of India, 2013-2016

₹0.04M, “Third World Chemistry Conference,” Indian National Science Academy (INSA), Government of India, 2017

₹0.14M, “Third World Chemistry Conference,” University Grants Commission, Government of India, 2017

₹1.10M, “Bridging the Two Cultures of Science and the Humanities II,” Scholarship and Christianity in Oxford, UK, 2017–19

₹2.28M, “Recent Developments in the Chemistry of Life and “Science Playing God,” Santa  Clara University, USA, 2014-2015

ACADEMIC RESPONSIBILITIES

Positions

 Principal, 2018-

Chair, Academic Council, 2018-

Member, Governing Council, 2018-

Chair, Education Committee, 2018-

Member, CMC Education Society, 2018-

Vice- Principal, 2016-2018

Member, Board of Studies in Chemistry, 2016-2018

Joint Controller of Examinations, 2016-2017

Chief Superintendent of the Calicut University Examinations, 2017-2019

Nodal Co-ordinator, All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), 2010-2019

Co-Ordinator, Catholic activities in the campus, 2007-2016

Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Vimala College, University of Calicut, 2007-2018

 Recognitions and awards

GRABS Achievement Award for Excellence in Teaching and Research, GRABS Charitable Trust, Chennai, 2019

Best ‘Teacher Researcher award’, Vimala College, Thrissur, Kerala, India 2018-2019

CSIR- JRF (Junior Research Fellowship), 2001

Lectureship-NET (National Eligibility Test, Government of India), 2001

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee (SPM) fellowship, 2001(for securing place among the top 20% awardees in CHEMICAL SCIENCES in INDIA)

Lectureship-NET (National Eligibility Test, Government of India), 2000

UGC- JRF (Junior Research Fellowship), 1996

Lectureship-NET (National Eligibility Test, Government of India), 1995

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE), 1996 (91.81% score)

Kanakam Thampuran Memorial Prize, University of Calicut, 1995

(for securing highest mark in Theoretical   Chemistry)  

 Teaching in Chemistry

 Ph.D. Supervisor, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Calicut, Kerala, 2019-

Ph.D. Supervisor, Faculty of Chemistry, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, 2012-

External examiner in Chemistry, University of Calicut, 2012-2018

Dissertation supervisor, Chemistry B.Sc., Vimala College, 2012–2018

Dissertation supervisor, Chemistry M.Sc., Vimala College, 2012–2018

Dissertation supervisor, Biotechnology M.Sc., Loyola Academy, Degree & PG College, Secunderabad, 2012

Experimental Chemistry

 Junior Research Fellow, Department of Chemistry, University of Calicut, 2000-2005

Principal Investigator, UGC Major Research Project, 2013-2016

Principal Investigator, UGC Minor Research Project, 2009-2010

Research Supervisor, 2013-2019

 International/National conferences convened (or co­covened)

 Vimala College, International Conference, “Human right and Human dignity,” 2019

Vimala College, International Symposium, “Creation without a Creator: Stephen Hawking on Science Religion Interfacing,” 2019

Vimala College, “Climatic Conditions- Issues and Challenges”, 2019

Vimala College, “New Cosmological argument for continuous creation”, 2018

Vimala College, “Caring for all life under the Sun”, 2017

JDV, Pune, “International conference on Science, Technology and Values”, 2014

JDV, Pune, “International workshop on Genetics and Neuroscience”, 2014

Vimala College, Faculty Development Programme, 2013

OUTREACH

 Television programmes (‘The light of Truth’- Shalom Television, India)

https://youtu.be/TdWffVjNceE  “Crispr/cas9”, 6th July 2018

https://youtu.be/IGz8gm-A_CM “Gene editing- Biotechnology”, 23rd January 2019

https://youtu.be/gYA0VBOCtls   “Cloning”, 8 February 2019

https://youtu.be/MB5RUvWT3zY “Artificial life”, 13 February 2019, on current issues in science-religion

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1FHLQyVW8FGu2h95rUyLGbltpH1LFM9Cq/view?usp=sharing  on 06th May 2020

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1a7QLgRMwoEPPzpBgifb0hbXazJyq-jk9 07th May 2020

Public lectures and presentations

“Mastery of Science meets the mystery of religion”, St. John’s College, Oxford, UK, 26 July 2019.

“Ethical implications and the catholic church responses on the recent advances in genetic sciences,” Marymatha Major Seminary, Kerala, 10 Feb 2019

 “Science and Religion from a Christian faith based perspective” Lady Margret Hall, Oxford, UK, 2 July 2018.

“Recent advances in genetic sciences and its impact on religion and culture”, Thumba, Trivandrum, 6 Sept 2018

 “Isolation and characterization of phytoconstituents and evaluation of anticancer potential Wrightia tinctoria,” Dallas, Texas, USA, 12 Sept 2017

“Modern Science and Contemporary Religion,” Little Flower Seminary, Aluva, 24 Nov 2017

“Recent Developments in Medical Sciences and the need for exploring innovative ethical responses,” Fr Muller Medical College, Mangalore, 21 Nov 2017

“Scientific developments in synthesizing life in the laboratory and the need for ethical values,” Yenepoya University, Mangalore, 15 Nov 2017

“Science and Christianity: The Contemporary engagement”, Mount Mary College, Wynad, 22 May 2017

“Recent advances in the Chemistry of Life and religious response to it,” JDV, Pune, 20 Jan 2017

“Phytochemical Investigation and Anticancer Potential of the Medicinal Plant Wrightia tinctoria (roxb.) from South India,” Goa, 3 Nov 2016

“Science and Religion: Complementary or Contradictory?,” Mount Mary College, Wynad, 17May 2016

“Recent developments in the Chemistry of life and science playing God,” Navjivan renewal centre, Delhi, 13 Dec 2015

“The Chemistry of Life: Theological and Moral Implications of Science’s Attempt to Synthesize Life,” Santa Clara University, USA, 23 Feb 2015

“Chemical Perspectives on the Origin of Life and the Creation of Synthetic Cell,” Mount Saint Mary’s University, Los Angeles, USA, 19 March 2015

“Ethical Implications on Creating Life: The First Synthetic Cell,” Brooklyn, New York, USA, 24 April 2015

“Recent Developments in the Chemistry of Life and Science Playing God,” University of California, Berkeley, USA, 17 April 2015

“Phytochemical investigation of few plants and screening of some secondary metabolites for their biological properties,” Elthuruth, 20 January 2014

“Evaluation of antibacterial and DPPH radical scavenging activities of the leaf extracts of Cassia fistula Linn from South India,” Hyderabad, 21 Oct 2013

“Evaluation of antibacterial activity of Mimusops elengi L. flowers and Trichosanthes cucumerina L. fruits from South India,” Hyderabad, 6 July 2011

“Evaluation of Free radical scavenging activity of a few Medicinal plants from South India,”Karunya University, Coimbatore, 7 December 2011

“Use of Cosmetics and their Hazardous effects”, Teachers Training Institute, Pavaratty, 29 Oct 2011

“Toxicology of Cosmetics”, Department of Botany, Vimala College, 15 Sept 2011.

“Symmetry and Molecular Structure”,Department of Polymer Chemistry, St. Mary’s College, Thrissur, 22 Jan 2010

“Conversion of Sabinene to Phellandral via p- menthane 1, 2, 7-triol,” Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 27 June 2009

“Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Zanthoxylum rhetsa seed oil,” Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 28 June 2009

“Chemical transformation of Zanthoxylum seed essential oil,” St. Mary’s College, Thrissur, 5 Aug 2008

PUBLICATIONS

Publications in theology and ethics

Papers in philosophy and theology

“The metaphysical ethics of human genome project and its impact on religion, society and culture,” European Journal of Science and Theology, Vol. 5, No.1, pp 69-79, 2019

“Rewriting the blue prints of life and science playing god: Ethical and theological concerns over the first gene-edited babies” OMEGA, Indian journal of Science and Religion, Vol 17, No.2, pp 58-69., Dec 2018

“Chemical perspectives on the origin of life and the creation of synthetic cell,” European Journal of Science and Theology, Vol. 1, No.5, pp 45-56, Oct 2015

“Ethical Implications on creating life: The first synthetic cell,” Ethics in Biology, Engineering & Medicine - An International Journal, Vol. 6, Nos. 3–4, pp 211–227, 2015

Book chapters

“Chemical perspectives on the origin of life and synthetic cell.” In Deciphering the mysteries of life, edited by Augustine Pamplany, Bangaluru: ATC publishers, 2018.

“The theological and ethical aspects of Science’s attempt to synthesize life.” In Mastery meets mystery, edited by Augustine Pamplany, pp.155-184. New Delhi: Serial publications Pvt. Ltd, 2015

Publications in Chemistry

Monographs

“Phytochemical investigation of few plants: Isolation and Characterization of Secondary Metabolites,” Lap Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, April 2012.

Book chapters

“Solid Phase Microextraction in Essential Oil Analysis on the Example of an Anisochilus carnosus (Lamiaceae) Root Oil from South-India,” In Processing, Analysis and Application of Essential Oils,  edited by Leopold Jirovetz and Gerhard Buchbauer, pp. 235-242. Dehradun: Krishan Bhalla & Sons, 2005

Papers in Chemistry

“Myristica fragrans extract mediated green synthesis of iron nano particles: Characterization, cytotoxicity and antibacterial analysis,” World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp1578-1595, 2018

“Synthesis and Characterization of   iron nano particles using Artocarpus heterophyllus leaf extract and evaluation of cytotoxicity,” World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.657-673, 2018

“Antitumour and antioxidant activity of Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.)R.Br. leaf oil,” International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, Vol. 8, No.11, pp 4899-4903, 2017

“Antioxidant, Antimicrobial and Cytotoxic Activities of Alcoholic Leaves Extracts of Spatholobus parviflorus (Roxb.Ex Dc.) Kuntze,” International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research, Vol. 9, No. 7, pp1035-1040, 2017

“Investigation of antioxidant and antibacterial properties of leaf, root, fruit and stem extracts of Trichopus zeylanicus from South India,” International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp135-140, 2017

“Evaluation of antioxidant, antibacterial and cytotoxic activity, quantitative estimation of phenols, flavonoids and carotenoids in different parts of Samadera indica from South India,” Medicinal plants-International Journal of Phytomedicines and related industries, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp 319-327, 2016

“Evaluation of DPPH radical scavenging activity of the leaf, root and fruit extracts of Trichopus zeylanicus from South India,” World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 4, No. 8, pp 1283-1292, 2015.

“Evaluation of DPPH radical scavenging activity of the leaf and bark extracts of Samadera indica from South India,” World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol.4, No.8, pp 1673-1680, 2015.

“Rhinacanthin production from hairy root cultures of Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz,” Plant In vitro cellular and Developmental Biology, DOI 10.1007/s11627-015-9694-9, 2015

“Phytochemical studies on the leaves and bark of Wrightia tinctoria R.Br. from South India,” World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp 4838-4848, 2014

“Evaluation of antibacterial and antifungal activities of the leaf and bark extracts of Wrightia tinctoria R.Br.,” World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 3, No.3, pp 4849-4859, 2014

“Analysis of the essential oil from the leaves of Wrightia tinctoria R.Br. from South India,” International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research, vol. 2, No.2, pp 47-52, 2014.

“Evaluation of the DPPH free radical scavenging activity of Wrightia tinctoria R.Br. leaf, bark and seed extracts,” World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol.3, No.3, pp 5041-5048, 2014.

“Statistical analysis of the antimicrobial activity of Wrightia tinctoria leaf and bark extracts,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.6, No.7, pp 293-295, 2014.

“Evaluation of antibacterial and DPPH  radical scavenging activities of the leaf extracts of Cassia fistula Linn from south India,” Open Access Scientific Reports, Vol. 2, no.8, p 773, 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/scientificreports.773).

“Statistical Analysis of the Antibacterial activity of Glyricidia sepium bark, leaf and flower extracts,” Asian Journal of Biochemical and Pharmaceutical research, Vol.3, No.3, pp 185-191, 2013

“Evaluation of antibacterial activity of Mimusops elengi L. flowers and Trichosanthes cucumerina L. fruits from South India,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.5, No.3, pp 362-364, 2013

“Evaluation of antibacterial activity of and DPPH radical scavenging activities of the leaf extracts and leaf essential oil of Syzygium cumini Linn. from South India,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.5, No.3, pp 358-361, 2013.

“Evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the leaf and bark extracts of Azardirachta indica A. Juss.,” World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol.1, No.3, pp 661-672, 2012

“Evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the leaf essential oil and leaf extracts of Otacanthus caerulus (Linden) Ronse.,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science Research, Vol.2, No.2, pp 20-25, 2012

“Evaluation of antibacterial and DPPH radical scavenging activities of the leaf essential oil and leaf extracts of Uvaria narum (Dunal) Wall.,” International Journal of Research in Pure and Applied Microbiology Vol.2, No.2, pp 13-19, 2012

“Evaluation of antibacterial and DPPH radical scavenging activities of the leaf extracts and leaf essential oil of Coriandrum sativum Linn. L.,” World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 1, No.3, pp 705-716, 2012

“Evaluation of antibacterial and antioxidant activities of the leaf essential oil and leaf extracts of Citrus aurantifolia,” Asian Journal of Biochemical and Pharmaceutical Research, Vol.2, No.2, pp 346-354, 2012

“Evaluation of antibacterial and DPPH radical scavenging activities of the leaf essential oils of Pongamia pinnata & Eucalyptus masculata,” Asian Journal of Biochemical and Pharmaceutical Research Vol.2, No.2, pp 25-32, 2012

“Evaluation of Antibacterial activity of the seed essential oil and leaf extracts of Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.,” Asian Journal of Biochemical and Pharmaceutical Research Vol.3, No.1, pp 270-276, 2011

“Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the volatile oil from the leaf of Syzygium  samarangense (Blume) Merr. & L.M. Perry,” Asian Journal of Biochemical and Pharmaceutical Research Vol.3, No.1, pp 263-269, 2011

“Statistical analysis of antibacterial activity of Zanthoxylum rhetsa seed essential oil,” Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research Vol.3, No.1, pp 440-444, 2011

“Evaluation of antibacterial activity of the leaf essential oil of Costus pictus D. DON. from South India,” International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, Vol.2, No.3, pp 68-70, 2010

“Evaluation of antibacterial activity of the leaf and flower essential oils of Gliricidia sepium from South India,” International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, Vol.2, No.2, pp 20-22, 2010

“Analysis of the Essential oils of the stems, leaves and rhizomes of the Medicinal plant Costus pictus from Southern India,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.2, No.2, pp 100-101, 2010

“Evaluation of antibacterial activity of the bark, flower and leaf extracts of Gliricidia sepium from South India,” International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, Vol.2, No.3, pp 18-20, 2010

“Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the volatile oil from the bark of Gliricidia sepium’,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.2, No.3, pp 177-179, 2010

“Evaluation of antibacterial activity of Trichosanthes cucumerina L. and Cassia didymobotrya Fres. Leaves,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol.2, No.4, pp 153-155, 2010

“Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Zanthoxylum rhetsa seed essential oil,” International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Biotechnology, Vol.2, No.4, pp 455-457, 2009

“Conversion of Sabinene to Phellandral via.p-menthane-1,2,7-triol,” Indian Journal of Chemistry Vol. 47B, pp1731-1734, 2008

“Phytochemical Studies on the Thorns and Leaves of Canthium parviflorum Lam.,” Asian Journal of Chemistry Vol. 20, No.7, pp 5372-5376, 2008

“Influence of pH on essential oil composition of Zanthoxylum rhetsa seeds obtained by steam distillation,” Flavour and Fragrance Journal, Vol 21, pp 317-318, 2006

“Medicinal used plants from India: Analysis of the essential oil of air- dried Biophytum sensitivum(L.) DC.,” Scientia Pharmaceutica, Vol. 72, pp 87-96, 2004

“Medicinal used plants from India: Analysis of the essential oil of air-dried Anisochilus carnosus(Lamiaceae) spikes,” Journal of Essential oil Bearing Plants Vol.6, No.1, pp 78-85, 2003

 

FEMY THOMAS, Department of Chemistry, Vimala College (Autonomous), Thrissur, Kerala 680009

Department of Chemistry, Vimala College (Autonomous), Thrissur, Kerala 680009

Email: femythomas29@gmail.com

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JOSE, B., and F. THOMAS. “PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION OF METHYLENE BLUE USING IRON OXIDE NANOPARTICLES SYNTHESIZED USING ANNONA MURICATA LEAF EXTRACT”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 12, no. 10, Sept. 2020, pp. 46-51, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2020v12i10.38821.
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