Systematic review, Counselling, Simulated patient methodology, Community pharmacies, Germany


The simulated patient methodology (SPM) is a form of participatory observation and can be used to assess the quality of counselling. The aim is to review those papers reporting the use of the SPM in German community pharmacies (CPs) from the beginning of 2005 to the end of 2018. The reporting items in the study were derived from the PRISMA Statement. We conducted a systematic search in the GVK-Plus, Embase, Web of Science, PubMed and Google Scholar databases. Additional sources included the personal literature collection of 1 of the reviewers and the reference lists from international systematic reviews and potentially relevant papers. The quality of the papers included was evaluated using the AXIS tool. A total of 5 papers were included. The SPM that was used varied greatly in the papers. The quality of counselling was assessed in the papers as being rather poor. The quality of the papers differed for specific assessment criteria. Only an extremely small number of papers could be included, in contrast to other countries. The papers for Germany demonstrate that there is a considerable need for improvement in the quality of counselling in CPs. Also, the deficits identified here for the application of the SPM should be avoided in future papers. It must also be recommended that the SPM be reported in future papers using uniform reporting standards, which are yet to be developed, to ensure better comparability.


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How to Cite

KUNOW, C., and B. LANGER. “USING THE SIMULATED PATIENT METHODOLOGY TO ASSESS THE QUALITY OF COUNSELLING IN GERMAN COMMUNITY PHARMACIES: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW FROM 2005 TO 2018”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 13, no. 1, Jan. 2021, pp. 10-19, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2021v13i1.40034.



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