PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF FRUIT EXTRACT OF ELAEOCARPUS GANITRUS
Keywords:Elaeocarpus ganitrus fruit, Phytochemicals, Extracts, Phenolic compounds, Flavonoids
Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis of ethanolic fruit extract of medicinally important plant of Elaeocarpus ganitrus for identification of major bioactive constituents.
Methods: Studies were carried out in terms of qualitative and quantitative estimation of phytoconstituents. The phenolic content was examined by using Folin-Ciocalteu assay. The total flavonoid was determined spectrophotometrically by using the aluminium chloride reagent.
Results: The yield extraction value in ethanolic fruit extracts was 28.65%. The preliminary phytochemical analysis results indicated the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, saponins, carbohydrates and fixed oils, but protein and amino acids were absent in this extract. The total phenolic content was 232.24 mg of gallic acid equivalent (GAE) per gram of ethanolic fruit extract of E. ganitrus. The total flavonoid concentration was 91.42 mg of quercetin equivalent (QE) per gram of ethanolic extract.
Conclusions: Phenolic and flavonoid compounds have several prevailing biological activity, which outlines the necessity of their determination. Results revealed the presence of different bioactive compounds which could be exploited for their potential applications for medicinal purposes.
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