RECOMBINANT ERYTHROPOIETIN MITIGATES REPERFUSION INJURY IN NEONATAL RAT CARDIOMYOCYTES BY NOVEL MULTIPLE SIGNALLING PATHWAYS
Objective: Recombinant Human Erythropoietin (rhEPO) is strongly inferred to protect the cardiomyocytes from the reperfusion injury and our aim is to elucidate the cardioprotective effect and the exact mechanism behind the cardioprotection.
Methods: Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NCM) exposed to Hypoxia/Reperfusion (H/R) with or without pretreatment using various concentrations of rhEPO. To determine the cell viability-MTT assay, Acridine orange and Ethidium Bromide (Ao/EtBr) staining was performed. To determine the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential (Î”Ïˆm), Dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCF-DA) and Rhodamine-123 was used. To determine the signaling pathways Western blot analysis of pAkt, pp38 MAPK, cytochrome-c were performed.
Results: rhEPO was found to reduce the cell death by stabilizing ROS significantly, Î”Ïˆm, cytochrome c release, and caspase-3. rhEPO, increases the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, Akt and BAD compared to H/R. Further myocytes blocked with Wortmannin (WT), and SB203580 showed increased caspase-3 activity.
Conclusion: Hence we conclude from this study that rhEPO regulated the factors involved in reperfusion injury through modulation of Akt and p38 MAPK pathways.
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