Foundationalism of Social Constructionism: A Critical Review
This paper presents the critical review of two research papers related to social construction of gender and sexuality. It is argued that social constructionist approaches and their theorization of gender is untenable and contradictory with its relation to biological foundationalism. Introduction of gender as analytical category is quite problematic in theory and practice. Gender category complicates the theory rather than clarifying it. Straightforward definition of gender will not solve the theoretical problems as well as practical implications. Social constructionist approach presumes reality as constructed but this construction does not occur in vacuum. Every construction is based on some concrete foundation. Without foundation, construction becomes impossible. Social constructionist approach to reality neglects this very fact. It criticizes foundationalism but then itself is entangled in it.