• Mary Grace B. Lubguban Department of Education, Siquijor State College, Larena, Siquijor, Philippines.



Leadership, Public administration, Gender study


The research study is a case analysis on women executives in the different government organizations in the province of Siquijor, Central Visayas, Philippines. Specifically, it elaborated on the personal, professional, and family background of the women executives, their successes and failures, and the facilitating factors and characteristics that led to their success. The research is a qualitative descriptive research using the case study method. In this type of research, the data were gathered through observations, questionnaires, and interviews and focused group discussion. A narrative was developed, integrated, and summarized focusing on issues and concerns about the women respondents. The subjects of the study were the six women executives and administrators in the six government offices or agencies in the province of Siquijor. The researcher personally identified these women respondents whose success stories gave inspirations to many women in the community. The researcher employed the use of questionnaire, interview schedule, focused interview with the aid of a recorder, observations to document life histories of the respondents, and focused-group discussion. The study revealed that 83% or five out of six respondents are married having one to four children. It also showed that 60% or four out six respondents are second-born children coming from small families and all of them are licensed professionals and passers of government examinations. Furthermore, the study revealed that the women’s self-concept and perception evolved from the various positive and negative personal and professional experiences. All of them showed a positive self-concept despite frustrating and humiliating episodes at some point in their lives. All the women executives share similar facilitating factors and characteristics such as intelligence, hard work, patience, honesty, and faith in God and possess positive personal qualities and attitudes which are vital driving forces which led them to be successful in life.


Akpinar-Sposito C. Career barriers for women executives and the glass ceiling syndrome: The case study between French and Turkish women executives. Proced Soc Behav Sci 2013;75:488-97.

Al-Barghouthi S. Women in Leadership Positions, Road to Success, A case study, Bahrain. Case Stud Bus Manag 2017;4:11274.

Duke S. The Key to Closing the Gender Gap? Putting more Women in Charge. Switzerland: World Economic Forum; 2017. Available from: [Last accessed on 2020 Jul 21].

Kiff S. Available from: https://www.2018/2/19/17018380/gender-wage-gap-childcare-penalty/ [Last accessed on 2020 Jul 20].

Nikolaou A. Barriers and Biases: A Case Study of Women’s Experiences of Underrepresentation among Senior Management Levels; 2017. Available from: [Last accessed on 2020 Jul 20].

Place KR, Vardeman-Winter J. Where are the women? An examination of research on women and leadership in public relations. Public Relat Rev 2018;44:165-73.

Rabia M, Tanveer F, Gillani M, Naeem H, Akbar S. Gender inequality: A case study in Pakistan. Open J Soc Sci 2019;7:369-79.

Silverthorne S. Has the Glass Ceiling been Broken (or at least cracked)? Harvard Business School; 2019. Available from: https://www.hbswk.hbs-edu/item/has-the-glass-ceiling-been-broken-or-at-least-cracked. [Last accessed on 2020 Jul 21].

The Philippine Constitution; 1987. Rex Bookstore. Copyright 2016, ISBN 978-971-23-8262-8.

Wille B, Wiernik BM, Vergauwe J, Vrijdags A, Trbovic N. Personality characteristics of male and female executives: Distinct pathways to success? J Vocat Behav 2018;106:220-35.



How to Cite

B. Lubguban, M. G. (2021). GOVERNMENT WOMEN EXECUTIVES IN THE CENTRAL PHILIPPINES. Innovare Journal of Social Sciences, 10(3), 20–21.



Original Article(s)