SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN KANPUR CITY, INDIA, A DEVELOPING COUNTRY
Keywords:solid waste management, zero waste streets, recycling, waste classification, Technologies, municipal solid waste
The purpose of this research is to define the existing state of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Kanpur city to identify the main obstacles its efficiency and the prospects for improvisation of the solid waste management system in the city. The usual approach to problem solving is to survey previous work done in this subject area of solid waste management. Various studies say that 95% of MSW is disposed of unscientifically in open dumps and landfills, creating problems to public health and the environment. The amounts of waste generation have been increasing in India with increasing urbanization. Since higher education campuses about 90% are such as autonomous cities, they can act as a model for solid waste management (SWM) and enhance sustainable development. SWM is the controlled generation, storage, transport, processing, and disposal of solid waste considering public health, conservation, economics, and environmental conditions. Many developing countries such as India are lacking behind in SWM from the developed countries which are using advanced technologies along with efficient management. This paper will analyze the issues related to SWM Kanpur streets for becoming zero waste streets. Lack of awareness and improper collection, exposed transportation, inefficient processing, and disorganized disposal of solid waste are the major reasons for it. Some techniques would reduce the amount of waste diverted to landfills and the problems arising on streets due to solid waste, thus leading to zero waste streets. This paper identifies a need to implement a robust SWM at the Kanpur city in India.
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