SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN KANPUR CITY, INDIA, A DEVELOPING COUNTRY

Authors

  • ANSHIKA KUSHWAHA Department of Chemical Engineering, Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • TEJ PRATAP SINGH Department of Chemical Engineering, Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22159.ijss.2021.v9i4.42247

Keywords:

solid waste management, zero waste streets, recycling, waste classification, Technologies, municipal solid waste

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to define the existing state of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Kanpur city to identify the main obstacles its efficiency and the prospects for improvisation of the solid waste management system in the city. The usual approach to problem solving is to survey previous work done in this subject area of solid waste management. Various studies say that 95% of MSW is disposed of unscientifically in open dumps and landfills, creating problems to public health and the environment. The amounts of waste generation have been increasing in India with increasing urbanization. Since higher education campuses about 90% are such as autonomous cities, they can act as a model for solid waste management (SWM) and enhance sustainable development. SWM is the controlled generation, storage, transport, processing, and disposal of solid waste considering public health, conservation, economics, and environmental conditions. Many developing countries such as India are lacking behind in SWM from the developed countries which are using advanced technologies along with efficient management. This paper will analyze the issues related to SWM Kanpur streets for becoming zero waste streets. Lack of awareness and improper collection, exposed transportation, inefficient processing, and disorganized disposal of solid waste are the major reasons for it. Some techniques would reduce the amount of waste diverted to landfills and the problems arising on streets due to solid waste, thus leading to zero waste streets. This paper identifies a need to implement a robust SWM at the Kanpur city in India.

References

Shivyayogimath CB. Municipal solid waste management in Raichur city. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Solid Waste Management; 2007. p. 50-3.

Rathi S. Alternative approaches for better municipal solid waste management in Mumbai, India. Waste Manag 2006;26:1192-200.

Sharholy M, Ahmad K, Mahmood G, Trivedi RC. Analysis of municipal solid waste management systems in Delhi-a review. In: Book of Proceedings for the second International Congress of Chemistry and Environment, Indore, India; 2005. p. 773-7.

Ray MR, Roychoudhury S, Mukherjee G, Roy S, Lahiri T. Respiratory and general health impairments of workers employed in a municipal solid waste disposal at open landfill site in Delhi. Int J Hyg Environ Health 2005;108:255-62.

Jha MK, Sondhi OA, Pansare M. Solid waste management-a case study. Indian J Environ Prot 2003;23:1153-60.

Kansal A. Solid waste management strategies for India. Indian J Environ Prot 2002;22:444-8.

Kansal A, Prasad RK, Gupta S. Delhi municipal solid waste and environment-an appraisal. Indian J Environ Prot 1998;18:123-8.

Singh SK, Singh RS. A study on municipal solid waste and its management practices in Dhanbad-Jharia coalifield. Indian J Environ Prot 1998;18:850-2.

Gupta S, Krishna M, Prasad RK, Gupta S, Kansal A. Solid waste management in India: Options and opportunities. Resour Conserv Recycl 1998;24:137-54.

Kumar A, Teotia A, Singh TP. Solid waste management: A challenge to our society-case study Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh. World J Pharm Pharm Sci 2019;8:188-201.

Zero Waste International Alliance; 2002. Available from: http://www.zwla.org.

Srivastava V, Sarkar A, Singh S, Singh P, de Araujo AS, Singh RP. Agroecological responses of heavy metal pollution with special emphasis on soil health and plant performances. Front Environ Sci 2017;5:1-19.

Pandey BK, Vyas S, Pandey M, Gaur A. Characterisation of municipal solid waste generated from Bhopal, India. Curr Sci Perspect 2016;2:52-6.

Report of the National Commission on Urbanization; 1988.

Jayakrishnan T, Jeeja M, Bhaskar R. Occupational health problems of municipal solid waste management workers in India. Int J Environ Health Eng 2013;2:42.

Iqbal MA, Gupta SG. Studies on heavy metal ion pollution of ground water sources as an effect of municipal solid waste dumping. Afr J Basic Appl Sci 2009;1:117-22.

Available from: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/12/germany-recycles-more-than-any-other-country.

KNN Municipal Report, Kanpur Nagar Nigam, Various Years; 2018.

Published

01-07-2021

How to Cite

KUSHWAHA, A., & SINGH, T. P. (2021). SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN KANPUR CITY, INDIA, A DEVELOPING COUNTRY. Innovare Journal of Social Sciences, 9(4), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.22159.ijss.2021.v9i4.42247

Issue

Section

Review Article(s)