HUMAN RIGHTS AS TAUGHT BY THE QUR’AN, SUNNAH OF THE PROPHET (SAW), AND HIS RIGHTLY GUIDED CALIPHS
Keywords:Human rights, Qur’an, Sunnah, Ijma, Constitution of Nigeria
The paper examines the human rights taught by the prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam (SAW) and his rightly guided caliphs. The rights in Islam are all provided by Allah, the lawgiver, that is to say, a divine revelation (Qur’an) regulates and specifies the human rights and the explanation of His prophet (SAW), otherwise called Sunnah. Therefore, Qur’an and Sunnah are vital sources of information on human rights in Islam. Similarly, the paper investigates the theoretical concepts, the origin of the human species; it also considers the difference between human beings and other creatures. Before Islam, the period was also cognizance of how human beings’ rights were respected in our contemporary era. Therefore, the relevance of rights from an Islamic point of view and western understanding is known as (Man-made Law), which only considers the rights of individuals and means the struggle. Therefore, the Islamic religion aims to have a peaceful society that provides these rights classes to people, thereby granting them religious, social, and moral satisfaction.
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