• S.Y. ADMASU University of Gondar
  • Y.s. Vagrecha (professor in Psychology, Addis Ababa University)
  • M.S. ENDALEW (Msc. in Clinical Psychology, Lecturer at university of Gondar )



Background: Cervical cancer or cancer of cervix is one of just a few cancers caused by a virus. The virus, called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) can infect a woman's cervix when she has sex. Now a days the prevalence of it is evidenced that approximately 83% of the world's new cases and 85% of all cervical cancer deaths reported are from developing countries.

Objective: This study examined the effectiveness of Existential Group Therapy in treating psychological problem (Depression) among patient with cervical cancer in Ethiopia.

Method: The study was a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest, quasi-experimental design. Thirty research participants were selected purposefully based on inclusion criteria. They were divided in to two groups (psychotherapeutic group and control group). Standard scale namely, Beck Depression Inventory II, were used to measure the dependent variables at two occasions; pre-test and post-test. Research participants in the psychotherapeutic group received Existential Group therapy for nine sessions; three sessions per week for ninety minutes of each session.

Result: Result of dependent t-test illustrated that, after treatment, research participants engaged in psychotherapeutic group showed statistically significant reduction in the level of Depression compare to the control group.

Key Words: Cervical cancer, Depression, Existential Group Therapy


Author Biography

S.Y. ADMASU, University of Gondar

Department of Psychology



AbdollahShafiabadi, Ahmad Etemadi Ali Delavar, Ali GhanbariMotlagh, AllamehAllameh, BahmanBahmani (2010). Cognitive-existential group therapy and cognitive instructional therapy for breast cancer patients. Developmental psychology. Iranian Psychologists-vol-6/issue 23.

American Cancer Society (2010). Cancer facts and figures.ACS, Georgia; Atlanta, USA

Ames, M. H., Gatewood-Colwell, G., &Kaczmarek, M. (1989). Reliability and validity of the Beck Depression Inventory for White and Mexican-American gerontic population. Psychological Reports, 65, 1163-1165.

Beck, A.T., Brown, G., & Steer, R.A. (1996). Beck Depression Inventory II manual. San Antonio, TX: USA The Psychological Corporation.

Blanche, BE. (1989). Intraepithelial and invasive carcinoma of the cervix in clinical cytotechnology. Coleman DV, Chapman PA,( eds.) London: Butterworths, 1989: 195-219

Clifford, GM., Smith, JS.,& Plummer, M. (2003). Human papillomavirus types in invasive cervical cancer worldwide: a meta-analysis British Journal of Cancer 88: 63-73.

Cogliano, V., Baan R, Straif K, Grosse Y, Secretan B, &Ghissassi FE(2005). Carcinogenicity of human papillomaviruses. Lancet Oncology, 6: 204.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2000).Research Methods in Education (5thed.).London: Routledge Falmer.

Conoley, C. W. (1987). Review of the Beck Depression Inventory (revised edition). In J. J. Kramer & J. C. Conoley (eds.), Mental measurements yearbook, (11th edition) (pp. 78- 79). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press

Ekortari&Rowedeno, (2006). Experiences of breast cancer survivor advocates and advocates in countries with limited resources. A shared journey in breast cancer Advocacy, Breast journal. 12(1): 111-116.

Ethiopian Cancer Association (2007).Understanding Breast Cancer. Unpublished

Ferlay J, Bray F, Pissani P, Parkin DM. &Globocan (2002). Cancer Incidence, Mortality and Prevalence Worldwide, IARC CancerBase No. 5, version 2.0. Lyon, France:IARC Press 2004. [Available at; www.depdb.iarc.fr/globocan/GLOBOframe.htm, accessed Sept. 30, 2011] Laura AK. Epidemiology of genital human papillomavirus infection. American Journal of Medicine 1997; 102: 3-8

Gurevich M., Gerald M., Gray M and Frope. (2002). Stress Response syndromes and cancer: conceptual and Assessment issues, psychosomatics. 43: 259-281.

Kaufmann AM, Schneider A.(2007). New paradigm for prevention of cervical cancer. Europe Journal Obstet Gynecology Repro Biol 130: 25-29.

Kotaniemi-Talonen L, Anttila A, Malila N(2008). Screening with a primary human papillomavirus test does not increase detection of cervical cancer and intraepithelial neoplasia 3. Europe Journal Cancer, 44 (4): 565-71.

Miranda CRR, de Resende CN, Melo CFE, Costa AL, Jr, & Friedman H., (2002). Depression before and after uterine cervid and breast cancer neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Int J Gynecol Cancer 12:773–776.

Sundberg, N. D. (1987). Review of the Beck Depression Inventory (revised edition). In J. J. Kramer& J. C. Conoley (eds.), Mental measurements yearbook, 11th edition (pp. 79-81). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, USA.

Vail-Smith K, White DM. (1992). Risk level, knowledge, and preventive behavior of human papillomavirus among sexually active college women. J Am Coll Health 40: 227-230.



How to Cite

ADMASU, S., Vagrecha, Y., & ENDALEW, M. (2015). EFFECTIVENESS OF EXISTENTIAL GROUP THERAPY FOR TREATMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEM OF CERVICAL CANCER PATIENTS. Innovare Journal of Social Sciences, 3(1), 5–9. Retrieved from https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijss/article/view/4501