ZEOLITIC COMPOSITES FROM AGRICULTURAL DETRITUS FOR POLLUTION REMEDY: A REVIEW
An agricultural detritus bagasse fly ash (BFA) is a good source of silica and alumina which can be converted into zeolitic material by hydrothermal synthesis using conventional, microwave and fusion techniques. Zeolites derived from these techniques can also be modified by electrolytic media, surfactant, magnetite treatment and ratio (Si/Al) adjustment to achieve enhance properties for sorption study. Zeolite is an almuninosilicate compound with different structures and sizes. It has best application in adsorption by seizure of pollutants from the industrial effluent. It has also wide applications in catalytic activity in various syntheses. The bagasse fly ash and its derivatives are used for the removal of organic and inorganic contaminants at optimized conditions of adsorption such as pH, time, dose, concentration and temperature. Pollutants like phenols, dyes, pesticides, heavy metals and inorganic anions are successfully minimized from waste water using these bagasse fly ash zeolite composites.Â
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