A REVIEW OF SKIN DISEASES DEPICTED IN SANSKRIT ORIGINAL TEXTS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO KSUDRA KUSHTHA
Ayurveda has discussed all skin diseases under the name of Kushtha, and in other words it can be known as â€œAyurveda Dermatologyâ€. Kushtha are mainly divided into seven types of Maha Kushtha and eleven types of Kshudra Kushtha. Generally, differential diagnosis and identification of a particular Kushtha is very difficult as there are no clear tools or no photographs presented in original Ayurveda texts. Hence, to overcome this problem, a deep study of literature on skin diseases was done in detail to reveal all the clinical features which presents in patients characteristically. Accordingly, scientific tools were prepared using photographs for selected number of common Kushtha, comparing the clinical features in the texts with the symptom of the patients who have presented to the hospital clinic. As a result, nine selected Kshudra Kushtha named as Gajacarma Kushtha, Eka Kushtha, Kitibha Kushtha, Dadru Kushtha, Vipadika Kushtha, Vicarcika Kushtha, Kacchu Kushtha, Sidhma kushtha and Carmadala Kushtha were diagnosed and confirmed with the help of critical and analytical study on the literature in original Sanskrit texts. These developed photographs which were prepared comparing with the clinical features of the texts and the symptom of the patients for Kshudra Kushtha will help to recognize them correctly.
Keywords: Ayurveda, Skin diseases, Sanskrit texts, Kushtha, Kshudra Kushtha
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