ZOO PHARMACOGNOSY : ANIMAL SELF-MEDICATION
The consumption of plants, insects, dirt and microbes by animals for prophylactic or therapeutic use by themselves in illness or to improve their own health is termed as Zoo Pharmacognosy or animal self medication. Different species of animals use different substances derived from nature which possess therapeutic properties. Zoo Pharmacognosy can show us the solutions quicker. We must now take responsibility of our mismanagement, over use and disregard of the species of this world. Once we are able to unlock all the potential benefits of Zoo Pharmacognosy and its positive implications for conservation, then and only then, can we revolutionize our world.Â The mechanism underlying the selection by animals of specific plants during illness is still unclear. The reasons of self medication by animals include parasitism, indigestion, stomach upset, infections, neutralize toxins etc. This particular behavior of animal self medication like fur rubbing with plants, resins, citrus fruits, ant eating, eating dirt etc has driven attention to study further in order to discover new drugs. This paper describes various types, methods and reasons of Zoo Pharmacognosy by various animals.
Key Words: Zoo Pharmacognosy, animal self medicating behavior, prophylactic, therapeutic.
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