CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF OCIMUM BASILICUML. (BASIL) AND ITS BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES–AN OVERVIEW


Kathirvel Poonkodi

Abstract


Essential oils are complex mixtures of biological active substances used for fragrance and traditional medicine since long back. It contains mainly triterpenes and aromatic compounds, the chemical composition of the essential oils vary with seasonal, geographical and climatic conditions. Recently there are more researches focused on their chemical profiles and its medicinal properties. Due to their antimicrobial, antifungal, insecticidal, larvicidal and antioxidant properties, they are used as alternatives for synthetic chemical products to reduce cost and side effects. The genus Ocimum comprising of more than 150 species grows widely throughout the world. This review focused mainly on the chemical composition of Ocimum basilicum essential oil and its biological activities.

Keywords: Ocimum basilicum, Lamiaceae, Linalool, Methyl cinnamate, Methyl chavicol, Eugenol


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References


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About this article

Title

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF OCIMUM BASILICUML. (BASIL) AND ITS BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES–AN OVERVIEW

Date

06-08-2016

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Journal

Journal of Critical Reviews
Vol 3, Issue 3, 2016 Page: 56-62

Online ISSN

2394-5125

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Authors & Affiliations

Kathirvel Poonkodi
Department of Chemistry, NGM College, Pollachi 642001, Tamilnadu, India
India


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