• Satyabrata Das Sharma Department of Marine Sciences, Berhampur University, Odisha, India
  • Lakshman Nayak Department of Marine Sciences, Berhampur University, Odisha, India
  • Chitta Ranjan Panda CSIR-Institutes of Minerals and Materials Technology (IMMT), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
  • Mitali Priyadarsini Pati Department of Marine Sciences, Berhampur University, Odisha, India
  • Subhalata Samantaray Department of Marine Sciences, Berhampur University, Odisha, India


The purpose of quantifying macrobenthos in the sea follows the rationales that the early workers were searching for exploitable fisheries or the importance of benthos for nourishing demersal fish stock. However in more recent years, studying on macrobenthic communities living in the coastal regions proved useful to follow changes in the biological diversity, ecosystem processes, evaluating marine pollution, accessing the demersal fishery resources as well as the environmental monitoring program. Benthic research has long been carried out both in spatial and temporal scale on the distribution, species diversity, community structure and abundance. In India, plenty of works has been reported especially both in East Coast and West Coast including Islands. Benthic studies in the coastal region of India are very few and at the primary stage as compared to other countries of the world. Likewise, the benthic studies of Bay of Bengal along the east coast of India are few as compared with the Arabian Sea along the west coast of India. While we consider about Odisha coast, it is negligible. India has nine maritime states which have been contributed their marine benthic research continuously except Odisha. Very few works have been reported along this coast during last few decades. So realizing the importance of benthic study, the present work is aimed to review how much work has actually made along Odisha Coast, East Coast of India during last few decades (1990-2015).

Keywords: Benthos, Multi-decadal review, Odisha coast, Neglected research, East coast of India


1. McLusky DS, McIntyre AD. Characteristics of the benthic fauna of continental shelves; 1988. p. 131-54.
2. Govindan K. Marine benthos-A future perspective. A national seminar on creeks, estuaries and mangrove. Pollution and conservation; 2002. p. 28-30.
3. Magdoom BK, Kalaiselvam M, Balasubramanian T. Status of seasonal distribution of macrobenthos from Gulf of Mannar (south-east coast) of India. Curr Res J Biol Sci 2010;2:53-8.
4. Behera DP, Nayak L. A checklist on macrobenthos diversity of Bahuda estuary, Odisha, east coast of India. Int J Ecosyst Ecol Sci 2013;3:172-6.
5. Lalli CM, Parson TR. Benthic communities. Biol Oceanography Introduction 2006;8:196-247.
6. Ansari ZA, Ingole BS, Parulekar AH. Benthos of the EEZ of India. India’s Exclusive Economic Zone; 1996. p. 78-83.
7. Kundu S, Mondal N, Lyla PS, Khan SA. Biodiversity and seasonal variation of macrobenthic community in the inshore water of Parangipettai coast. Environ Monit Assess 2010;163:67-79.
8. Anbucheghian RM, Rameshkumar G, Ravichandran S. Macrobenthic composition and species diversity in the costal belt of Thondi, South East Coast of India. Global J Environ Res 2009;3:68-75.
9. Knox GA, Lowry JK. A comparison between the benthos of the Southern Ocean and the North Polar Ocean with special reference to the amphipods and polychaeta, in polar oceans. Edited. Dunbar MJ. Arctic Institute of North America, Calgary; 1977. p. 423-62.
10. Arntz WE, Brey T, Gallardo VA. Antarctic zoobenthos. Oceanography Marine Biol Annual Rev 1994;32:241-304.
11. Grassle JF, Maciolek N. Deep-sea species richness: regional and local diversity estimate from quantitative bottom samples. Am Nature 1992;139:313-41.
12. Mendes CLT, Soares Gomes A, Tavares M. Seasonal and spatial distribution of sublittoral soft-bottom mollusk assemblages at Guanobara Bay, Rio De Jenerio. Brazil J Coastal Res 2004;39:1877-81.
13. Ansari ZA, Furtodo R, Badesab S, Mehta P, Thwin S. Benthic macroinvertebrate community structure and distribution in the Ayeyarwady continental shelf, Andaman Sea. Indian J Geo-Mar Sci 2012;41:272–8.
14. Mistri M, Fano EA, Rossi G, Casselli K, Rossi R. Variability in macrobenthos communities in the Vallidi Camacchio, Northern Italy, a hyper-eutrophized lagoonal ecosystem. Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci 2000;51:599-611.
15. Jayaraj KA, Jayalashmi KV, Saraladevi K. Influence of environmental properties on macrobenthos in the North West Indian shelf. Environ Monit Assess 2007;127:459-75.
16. Thrush SF, Pridmore RD, Hewitt JE, Cummings VJ. Adult infauna as facilitators of colonization on intertidal sand flats. J Exp Marine Biol Ecol 1992;159:253-65.
17. Lizarralde ZI. Distribución y abundancia de Tellina petitiana (Bivalvia, Tellinidae) en cerro avanzado, chubut, argentina. Physis 2002;60:7-14.
18. Veloso VG, Caetano CHS, Cardoso RS. Composition, structure and zonation of intertidal macroinfauna in relation to physical factors in micro-tidal sandy beaches in Río de Janeiro State. Brazil Sci Marina 2003;67:393-402.
19. Defeo O, McLachlan A. Patterns, processes and regulatory mechanisms in sandy beach macrofauna: a multiscale analysis. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 2005;295:1-20.
20. Warwick RM, Dashfield SL, Somerfield PJ. The integral structure of a benthic infaunal assemblage. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 2006;330:12-18.
21. Snelgrove PVR, Butman CA. Animal-sediment relationships revisited: cause versus effect. Oceanography Marine Biol Annual Rev 1994;32:111-67.
22. Edgar GJ, Shaw C. The production and trophic ecology of shallow-water fish assemblages in southern Australia. Diets of fishes and trophic relationships between fishes and benthos at the western part, Victoria. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 1995;194:93-106.
23. Kumar RR, Edward JKP, Jaykumar M. Macrobenthic community structure on tuticorin coastal waters, Gulf of Mannar, South-east coast of India. World J Fish Mar Sci 2010;1:70-7.
24. Danovore R, Fraschetti S, Belgrano A, Vincx M, Curini-Galletti M, Allbertelli G et al. The potential impact of meiofauna on the recruitment of macrobenthos in the subtidal coastal benthic community of the Lingurian Sea (North Western Mediterranean): a field result. XXVIII EMBS, Hersonissus, Creta; 1995. p. 115-22.
25. Ansari ZA, Ingole BS, Benerjee G, Parulekar AH. Spatial and temporal change in benthic macrofauna from Manodovi-Zuari estuaries of Goa, West coast of India. Indian J Mar Sci 1986;15:223-9.
26. Gray JS. Is the deep sea really so diverse? Species diversity from the Norwegian continental shelf. Mar Ecol: Prog Ser 1994;112:205-9.
27. Austein MC. Natural nematode communities are useful tools to address ecological and applied questions. Nemato Monogra Persp 2004;2:1-17.
28. Yokoyama H, Tamaki A, Koyama K, Ishihi Y, Shimoda K, Harada K. Isotopic evidence for phytoplankton as a major food source for macrobenthos on an intertidal sand flat in Ariaka Sound, Japan. Mar Ecol: Prog Ser 2005;304:101-16.
29. Satapathy D. Studies on some aspects of macrobenthos of Gopalpur Creek. Ph. D thesis submitted to Berhampur University; 1990. p. 1-185.
30. Dahl E. Some aspects of the ecology and zonation of the fauna on sandy beaches. Oikos 1952;4:1-27.
31. Whitlatch RB. Seasonal changes in the community structure of the macrobenthos inhabiting the intertidal sand and mud flats of Barnstable harbour, Massachusetts. Biol Bull 1977;152:275-94.
32. Holtman SE, Groenwold A. Distribution of zoobenthos on the Dutch continental shelf. The Western Frisian Front, Brown Bank and Broad Fourteens (1992/1993). Netherland institutes for sea research. NIOZ-report; 1994.
33. Ysebaert T, Meire P, Coosen J, Essink K. Zonation of intertidal macrobenthos in the estuaries of Schelde and Ems. Aquatic Ecol 1998;32:53-71.
34. Degraer S, Mouton I, De-Neve L, Vincx M. Community structure and intertidal zonation of the macrobenthos on a macro tidal Ultra-dissipative sandy beach; Summer-Winter comparison. Estuaries 1999;22:742-52.
35. Ricciardi A, Bourget E. Global patterns of macro invertebrate biomass in marine intertidal communities. Mar Ecol: Prog Ser 1999;185:21-35.
36. Woodin SA. Shallow-water benthic ecology. A North American perspective of sedimentary habitats. Australian J Ecol 1999;24:291-301.
37. Meurer AZ, Netto SA. Seasonal dynamics of benthic communities in a shallow sublittoral site of Laguna estuarine ecosystem (south, Brazil). J Aquatic Sci Technol 2007;11:53-62.
38. Barbiero DC, Macedo IM, Mais B, Zalmon IR. Comparative study of the estimated sample size for benthic intertidal species and communities. Latin Am J Aquatic Res 2011;39:93-102.
39. Mohmed Maew, Madkour HA, El-Taher A. Recent benthic foraminifera in the saline pool and its surrounding areas at Ras Shukier and Gulf of Suez, Egypt. Indian J Geo-Mar Sci 2013;42:293-9.
40. Parameswaran UV, Abdul JKU, Sanjeevan VN, Anthony PJ, Elizabeth J. Benthic polychaetes off edward VIII plateau in the continental shelf of east Anarctica. Indian J Mar Sci 2014;46:915-9.
41. Alongi DM. The ecology of soft-bottom benthic organisms. Oceanography Marine Biol Annu Rev 1990;28:381-496.
42. Warwick RM, Hyuni R. Comparative study of the structure of some tropical and temperate macrobenthic communities. Mar Biol 1987;95:641-9.
43. Ansari ZA, Rodrigues CL, Chatargy A, Parulekar AH. Distribution of meiobenthos and macrobenthos at the mouth of some rivers of the east coast of India. Indian J Mar Sci 1982;11:341-3.
44. Ingole B. Increased macrobenthic density and diversity: an indicator of recovery of Chilika lagoon from environmental degradation. Proc. The national seminar on Creeks, Estuaries and Mangroves pollution and conservation; 2002. p. 213-5.
45. Raghunathan C, Tewari A, Joshi HV, Kumar VGS, Trivedi RH, Khambhaty Y. The impact of turbidity on intertidal macrofauna at Gopinath, Mahuva and Verval coasts (West coast of ndia). Indian J Mar Sci 2003;32:214-21.
46. Elakkiya P, Manivanan V. Recent benthic foraminifera from off the coast of Arkattuthurai (Near Nagapattanam). Southeast coast of India. Indian J Geo-Mar Sci 2013;42:877-87.
47. Hedge MR, Padate VP, Velip DT, Rivonker CU. An updated inventory of new records of coastal macrofauna along Goa coast, west coast of India. Indian J Geo-Mar Sci 2013;42:898-902.
48. Ravinesh R, Bijukumar A. Comparison of intertidal biodiversity associated with natural rocky shore and sea wall: A case study from the Kerala coast, India. Indian J Geo-Mar Sci 2013;42:223-35.
49. Shivanagouda SN, Bhat UG. Study on abundance and distribution of subtidal macrobenthic diversity in near-shore waters off Kutch, Gujurat, India. Res J Mar Sci 2013;1:1-5.
50. Thomas S, Dineshbabu AP, Sasi kumar G. Gastropod resource distribution and seasonal variation in trawling grounds off Konkan Malabar region, eastern Arabian Sea. Indian J Geo-Mar Sci 2014;43:384-92.
51. Mahapatro D, Panigrahy RC, Naik S, Pati SK, Samal RN. Macrobenthos of shelf zone off dhamara estuary, the Bay of Bengal. J Oceanography Mar Sci 2011;2:32-42.
52. Nayak L. Oyster resources of Bahuda estuary, Southeast coast of Orissa, Sustainable Aquaculture; 1996. p. 212-7.
53. Ingole B. Biodiversity of benthic polychaetes from the coastal waters of paradip, the bay of Bengal. Bionano Frontier 2007;1:32–45.
54. Pati SK. Studied on mollusks of Rushikulya estuary, East coast of India. M. Phil. Dissertation in Marine Biology, Berhampur University; 2007. p. 10-3.
55. Sahu P, Sethy PGS, Siddiqui SZ. Distribution and abundance of benthic macrofauna in Nalaban Island, Chilka, Orissa. Indian J Fish 2007;54:251-8.
56. Mahapatro D, Panigrahy RC, Panda S, Mishra RK. Influence of monsoon on macrobenthic Assemblage, In Outer Channel Area of Chilka Lagoon, East Coast of India. J Wetlands Ecol 2009;3:56-67.
57. Pati MP, Nayak L, Sharma SD. Studies on biomass of seagrass, seaweed and its associated fauna from Chilika lagoon. Int J Environ Sci 2014;5:423-31.
58. Mahapatro D, Barik SK, Rastogi G, Samal RN, Muduli PR, Nail G, et al. Assessment of physiochemical parameter and its influence on the macrobenthic community of a brackish water coastal ecosystem-the Chilika lagoon east coast of India. Res Gate 2015;65-73. DOI:10.13140/2.1.1712.9764
59. Raman AV, Damodaran R, Levin LA, Thiruchitrambalam G, Rao YKV, Nanduri Sateesh, et al. Macrobenthos relative to the oxygen minimum zone on the East Indian margin, Bay of Bengal. Mar Ecol 2015;36:679–700.
794 Views | 2081 Downloads
How to Cite
Sharma, S. D., Nayak, L., Panda, C. R., Pati, M. P., & Samantaray, S. (2016). A REVIEW ON BENTHIC STUDY ALONG ODISHA COAST, EAST COAST OF INDIA: A NEGLECTED RESEARCH. Journal of Critical Reviews, 3(4), 27-32. Retrieved from https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/jcr/article/view/12876
Life Sciences

Most read articles by the same author(s)