ZOOTHERAPY AMONG THE ETHNIC GROUPS OF NORTH EASTERN REGION OF INDIA-A CRITICAL REVIEW


Khirod Sankar Das, Sudipta Choudhury, K. Chanreila L. Nonglait

Abstract


The main objective of the study is to review the practices of Zootherapy among the ethnic groups of the northeastern part of India and to prepare an inventory of all the information. The data were collected from 11 published papers on the practices of zootherapy among different ethnic groups from the region. All the papers were published in the years 2002-2016. A total of 181 animals species are used by 19 ethnic groups from the region. Mammals are the most widely used animal groups followed by Arthropods, Aves, Pisces, Reptiles, Annelids, Amphibian and Molluscs. The number of the animal species are-77 species of Mammals (42.5%) followed by 65 species of Arthropods (35.9%), 24 species of Aves (13.25%), 22 species of Pisces (12.15%), 18 species of Reptiles (9.94%), 6 species of Annelids (3.31%), 5 species of Amphibians (2.76%) and 4 species of Molluscs (2.21%). The most commonly treated ailments are-Tuberculosis, Malaria, Diabetes, Asthma, Arthritis, Rheumatic pain, Jaundice, Anaemia, Paralysis, Pertussis, etc. This review on the zoo therapy practices among the ethnic groups of the region will summarise all the information in one place which will be helpful for the scientists and researchers working in the field of ethnomedicine to study and develop new potential drugs.


Keywords


Ethnic group, Zootherapy, North Eastern India

| PDF | HTML |

References


World Health Organization. Traditional medicine strategy 2002–2005. Geneva, Switzerland; 2002. p. 1-74.

Chivian E. Global environmental degradation and biodiversity loss: Implications for human health. In: Grifo F, Rosenthal J. editors. Biodiversity and human health.1st ed. Washington DC: Island Press; 1997. p. 7-38.

Alves RRN, Rosa IL. Why study the use of animal products in traditional medicine? J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2005;1:5.

Adeola MO. The importance of wild animals and their parts in the culture, religious festivals, and traditional medicine, of Nigeria. Environ Conserv 1992;19:125-34.

Anageletti LR, Agrimi U, Curia C, French D, Mariani-Constantini R. Healing rituals and sacred serpents. Lancet 1992;340:223-5.

Marques JGW. Fauna medicinal: recurso do ambiente ou ameaca a biodiversidade? Mutum 1997;1:4.

China National Corporation of Traditional and Herbal Medicine: Materia medica commonly used in China Beijing, Science Press; 1995.

Schimitschek E. Insekten als Nahrung, in Brauchtum, Kult und Kultur. In: Helmcke JG, Stark D, Wermuth H. editors. Handbuch der Zoologie-eine Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreichs, Band Vier. Berlin: Akademie Verlag; 1968. p. 1-62.

Lohani U. Man-animal relationships in central Nepal. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2010;6:31.

Costa-Neto EM, Marques JGW. Faunistic resources used as medicines by artisanal fishermen from Siribinha Beach, State of Bahia, Brazil. J Ethnobiol 2000;20:93-109.

Alves RRN. Fauna used in popular medicine in Northeast Brazil. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2009;5:1.

Ali SAM, Mahdihassan S. Bazaar medicines of Karachi: the drugs of animal origin. In: Mahdihassan S. editor. Bazaar Drugs and Folk Medicine in Pakistan. Karachi: Hamdard Publ; 1984. p. 69-73.

Mahawar MM, Jaroli DP. Traditional Zootherapeutic studies in India: a review. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2008;4:17-29.

Patil SH. Ethno-medico-zoological studies on Nadurbar district of Maharashtra. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 2003;2:297-9.

Singh RAJA, Padmalatha C. Ethno-entomological practices in Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 2004;3:442–6.

Solavan A, Paulmurunguan R, Wilsanand V, Ranjith Sing AJA. Traditional therapeutic uses of animals among tribal population of Tamil Nadu. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 2004;3:198-204.

Sharma SK. A study on ethnozoology of Southern Rajasthan. In: Trivedi PC. editor. Ethnobotany. Jaipur: Aavishkar Publisher; 2002. p. 239-53.

Gupta L, Siroli CS, Mistry N, Dixit AM. Use of animals and animal products in traditional health care systems in District Kachchh, Gujarat. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 2003;2:346-56.

Mishra N, Rout SD, Panda T. Ethno-zoological studies and medicinal value of Similipal Biosphere, Orissa, India. Afr J Pharm Pharmacol 2011;5:6-11.

Borah MP, Prasad SB. Ethno zoological remedial uses by the indigenous inhabitants in adjoining areas of Pobitora Wildlife sactuary, Assam, India. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2016;8:90-6.

Betula ALS. Indigenous knowledge of zootherapeutic use among the Biate tribe of Dima Hasao District, Assam, North-eastern India. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2013;9:1-15.

Chinlampiang M, Singh RK, Shukla AC. Ethno zoological diversity of Northeast India: Emperical learning with traditional knowledge holdersof Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 2013;12:18-30.

Kakati LN, Doulo V. Indigenous knowledge system of zootherapeutic use by Chakhesang tribe of Nagaland, India. J Human Ecol 2002;13:419-23.

Ronghang R, Teron R, Tamuli KA, Rajkhowa R. Traditional zootherapy practised among the Karbis of Assam, India. Ecoscan 2011;1:161-6.

Chakravorty J, Ghosh S, Meyer-Rochow VB. Practices of entomophagy and entomotherapy by members of the Nyshi and Galo tribes, two ethnic groups of the state of Arunachal Pradesh (North-East India). J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2011;7:5-18.

Kakati LN, Ao B, Doulo V. Indigenous knowledge of zootherapeutic use of vertebrate origin by the Ao Tribe of Nagaland. J Human Ecol 2006;19:163-7.

Verma AK, Prasad SB, Rongpi T, Arjun J. Traditional healing with animals (zoo therapy) by the major ethnic group of Karbi Anglong district of Assam, India. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2014;6:1-8.

Chakravorty J, Meyer-Rochow VB, Ghosh S. Vertebrate used for medicinal purposes by members of the Nyishi and Galo tribes in Arunachal Pradesh (North-East India). J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2011;7:13-26.

Kalita D, Dutta M, Islam NM. Few plants and animals based folk medicines from Dibrugarh District, Assam. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 2015;4:81-5.

Jamir NS, Lal P. Ethno zoological practice among Naga tribes. Indian J Traditional Knowledge 2005;1:100-4.

Doley AK, Kalita J. Traditional uses of Insect and insect products in medicine and food by the mishing tribe of Dhemaji District, Assam, North East India. Soc Sci Researcher 2012;1:11-21.

Dutta P, Dey T, Manna P, Kalita J. Antioxidant potential of vespa affinis L., a traditional edible insect species of North East India. PLoS One 2016;11:1-19.




About this article

Title

ZOOTHERAPY AMONG THE ETHNIC GROUPS OF NORTH EASTERN REGION OF INDIA-A CRITICAL REVIEW

Keywords

Ethnic group, Zootherapy, North Eastern India

DOI

10.22159/jcr.2017v4i2.14698

Date

16-03-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Journal of Critical Reviews
Vol 4, Issue 2, 2017 Page: 1-9

Online ISSN

2394-5125

Statistics

104 Views | 9 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Khirod Sankar Das
Department of Zoology, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793022
India

Sudipta Choudhury
Department of Zoology, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793022
India

K. Chanreila L. Nonglait
Department of Zoology, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793022
India


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.