Heterosis for Grain Yield Components in Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.)


Balvantbhai Chhaganbhai Patel

Abstract


An experiment comprised of six male sterile lines and 10 inbred testers of pearl millet and their 60 hybrids was conducted at Regional Research Station, Anand Agricultural University, Anand during July, 2011 for studying the extent of hybrid vigour in F1 for grain yield and its components. None of the hybrids was found significant and negative heterobeltiosis and standard heterosis for days to maturity and plant height. The hybrid ICMA 97111 x J 2526 and JMSA 20041 x J 2340 showed higher magnitude of significant and positive heterbeltiosis for total number of tillers and for productive tillers per plant respectively. The highest magnitude of heterobeltiosis and standard heterosis was recorded in the hybrid ICMA 04999 x J 2490 and ICMA 04999 x J 2433, respectively for the trait ear head length. For earhead girth highest and significant positive heterobeltiosis was observed in the hybrid ICMA 04999 x J 2526. Highest significant positive heterobeltiosis and standard heterosis for 1000 grain weight was observed in the hybrid ICMA 96222 x J 2526 and ICMA 98444 x AIB 11 respectively. For grain yield highest significant positive heterobeltiosis and standard heterosis was observed in the hybrid ICMA 98444 x J 2526 and ICMA 96222 x AIB-2 respectively. For total biomass per plant and stover yield per plant highest and significant positive heterobeltiosis and standard heterosis was observed in the cross JMSA-20041 x J-2526 and ICMA-97111 x J-2340 respectively. For the trait panicle harvest index, highest significant positive heterobeltiosis was observed in the hybrid ICMA 04999 x J 2340, while for total protein content hybrid JMSA-9904 x J 2340 and JMSA-20041 x J 2507 had significant positive heterobeltiosis and standard heterosis respectively.


| PDF |

References


Aher, V.B. and Ugale, S.D. (1995). Heterosis in pearl millet.J. Maharashtra Agril. Univ., 20 (2): 217-220.

Andrews, D.J. and Anand Kumar, K. (1992). Pearl millet for food, feed and forage. Advances in Agronomy, 48:89-139.

Anonymous (2012). Website < http:// www.agricoop.nic.in > All-India area, production and yield of bajra from 1950-51 to 2009-2010 along with percentage coverage under irrigation. State wise yield of bajra. Directorate of economics and statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation,1999-2000 to 2009-10 as per Final Forecast Reports.

Burton, G.W. (1983).Breeding pearl millet. Plant Breed. Rev., 1:162-182.

Hapase, R.S; Ugale, S.D. and Thete, R.Y.(1986).Heterosis in pearl millet. J. Maharashtra Agril. Uni.,11(2): 196-199.Joshi, H.J.; Dhaduk, H.L.; Mehta, D.R. and Pethani, K.V. (2000). Line x Tester analysis over environments in pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.]. Agric. Sci. Digest, 20 (4): 244-247.

Karale, M. U.; Ugale, S.D.; Suryavanshi, Y.B. and Patil, B.D. (1997).Heterosis in Line x Tester crosses in pearl millet. Indian J. Agric. Res., 31(1): 39-42.

Patil, P.A.; Mehetre, S.S. and Mahajan, C.R. (1994).Heterosis in pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum L.).Ann. Agric. Res., 15 (1): 50-53.

Presterl, T. and Weltzien, E. (2003). Exploiting heterosis in pearl millet for population breeding in arid environments. Crop Sci.,43 (3): 767-776.

Ramamoorthi, N. and Govindasaru, R. (2000). Heterosis for grain yield and its components in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum( L.) R. Br.).Madras Agric. J., 87(1-3): 159-161.

Vetriventhan, M.; NirmalaKumari, A. andGanapathy, S. (2008). Heterosis for grain yield components in pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum(L.) R. Br.]. World J. Agric. Sci.,4(5): 657-66




About this article

Title

Heterosis for Grain Yield Components in Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.)

Date

01-07-2016

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Innovare Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Vol 4 Issue 3 2016 (Jul-Sep) Page: 1-3

Online ISSN

2321-6832

Statistics

53 Views | 166 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Balvantbhai Chhaganbhai Patel
ANAND AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY
India


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.