MORPHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL & HISTOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF ORGANICALLY AND NON-ORGANICALLY CULTIVATED ANTI-DIABETIC MEDICINAL PLANTS


Mohammad Tauqeer

Abstract


Objective: The present research work was designed to compare the morpho-physiological and histological characters of Trigonella foenum graecum and Ocimum sanctum cultivated by organic and non-organic farming. Methods: The open deforested area of the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur, was selected for the cultivation. For the organic cultivation, biodynamic manure and organic pesticides (neem seeds extract & fermented garlic extract) were utilized while in case of non-organic cultivation the conventional manures (urea, super phosphate & potash) and chemical pesticides (Monocrotophos & Zineb) were utilized. Different morpho-physiological (growth) traits were studied at the pre and post harvest conditions. Selected parts of the plants were also compared for the histological characters. Results:  Both the research plants with organic treatment comparative to non-organic crop showed three days early initiation of flowers/inflorescence followed by early legumes (OTF) and fruiting (OOS). OTF found with higher mean values of height, secondary branches, flowers, secondary roots, leaves and root nodules while NTF showed the higher mean values of weight of plants and ultimately higher overall yield. Similarly OOS showed the greater mean values of all the traits (height, secondary branches, roots length and secondary roots), except the weight of whole plant that was found with the greater mean value of 279.61 g / plant in NOS. The microscopical examination revealed similar type of cellular arrangements in both the crops. Conclusion: The conclusive evidence proved the betterment of organic crop in terms of their growth and sustainability.

| PDF |

References


Maiti S, Kumar S, Das M. Vision 2030. Boriavi, Anand, Gujarat: Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research (DMAPR); 2001.

Hasan MR, Solaiman AHM. Efficacy of organic and organic fertilizer on the growth of Brassica oleracea L. (Cabbage). Int J Agri Crop Sci 2012; 4(3): 128-38.

Pimentel D, Hepperly P, Hanson J, Douds D, Seidel R. Environmental, energetic, and economic comparisons of organic and conventional farming systems. Bio Science 2005; 55(7): 573-82.

Holdan P. Organic farming, food quality and human health: A review of the evidence; Bristol, United Kingdom: Soil Association; 1945.

Ramesh P, Singh M, Subba Rao A. Organic farming: Its relevance to the Indian context. Current Sci 2005; 88(4): 561-64.

Wikipedia, 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagpur (accessed 16 June 2014).

Yadav AK. Training Manual Certification and Inspection Systems in Organic Farming in India. Ghaziabad, India: Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, National Centre of Organic Farming; 2011. http://www.ncof.dacnet.nic.in/Training_manuals/Training_manuals_in_English/Cert_and_Inspection_manual.pdf (accessed 05.04.13).

Madeleine Inckel M., Smet PD, Tersmette T, Veldkamo T. The Preparation and Use of Compost. Wageningen. Netherlands: Agromisa Foundation; 2005. http://journeytoforever.org/farm_library/AD8.pdf. (accessed 10.03.13).

Anonymous. Krushi Sanvardhini. 5th ed. Akola, India: Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh Agricultural University; 2012.

Worldagroforestry, 2013. Available from: www.worldagroforestry.org/NurseryManuals/Community/Appendix2 (accessed 02.02.2013).

Farooqi AA, Sreeram BS. Cultivation of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops. Hyderabad, India: Universities Press Pvt. Ltd; 2004.

Bäurle I, Dean C. The timing of developmental transitions in plants. Cell 2006; 125(4): 655-64.

Kim DH, Doyle MR, Sung S, Amasino RM. Vernalization: Winter and the timing of flowering in plants. Annual Rev Cell Dev 2009; 25: 277-99.

Michaels SD, Amasino RM. Memories of winter: Vernalization and the competence to flower. Plant Cell Env 2000; 23(11): 1145-53.

Ha TM. A review of plants’ flowering physiology: The control of floral induction by juvenility, temperature and photoperiod in annual and ornamental crops. Asian J Agr Food Sci 2014; 02(03): 186-95.

Sinha RK. Earthworms vermicompost: A powerful crop nutrient over the conventional compost & protective soil conditioner against the destructive chemical fertilizers for food safety and security. Am-Eurasian J Agr Environ Sci 2009; 5: 01-55.




About this article

Title

MORPHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL & HISTOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF ORGANICALLY AND NON-ORGANICALLY CULTIVATED ANTI-DIABETIC MEDICINAL PLANTS

Date

01-07-2016

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Innovare Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Vol 4 Issue 3 2016 (Jul-Sep) Page: 10-16

Online ISSN

2321-6832

Statistics

32 Views | 75 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Mohammad Tauqeer
University Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur- Maharashtra, India.
India


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.