For rainfed ecology, water is the most limiting natural resource and its effective utilization is indispensable in order to optimize crop water productivity. A field study on wheat crop was carried out to asses the impact of different irrigation depths through sprinkler irrigation system at three phonological stages viz. tilleing, anthesis and grain filling. Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) was used in the trail and had three repeats.  The area under study received 195 mm seasonal rainfall. Supplemental irrigation depths at three phonological stages, using small quantities of water through sprinkler irrigation system, significantly promoted the crop growth. The irrigation depth 25 mm gave the maximum output for biological yield (6504 ), grain yield (2030 ), thousand grain weight (28), plant height (87 ) and spike length (10 ). The highest water productivity of 0.97 kg/m3 was achieved with 25 mm supplemental irrigation depth when applied at tillering and anthesis stages.


Ahmad, S., M. Yasin, A. A. Bhatti and M. Aslam. 1999. Benefits of supplemental irrigation of wheat crop under rainfed farming systems. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 2( 1): 167-173.
Al-Kaisi, M. M., A. Berrada and M. Stack. 1997. Evaluation of irrigation scheduling program and spring wheat yield response in southwestern Colorado. Agricultural Water Management 34: 137-148.
Anderson, W. K., W.R. Smith. 1990. Yield advantage of semi-dwarf compared to tall wheat depends on sowing time. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 41:811-826.
Anonymous. 2012-13. Economic Survey. Finance Division, Economic Advisor’s Wing, Govt. of Pakistan Islamabad.
English, M. J and B. Nakamura. 1989. Effects of deficit irrigation and irrigation frequency on wheat yields. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, ASCE 115: 172-184.
FAO. 1979. Yield response to water by J. Doorenbos & A. Kassam, Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 33, Rome.
FAO.2009.Water development and management unit-crop water management wheat. No pp.
Kar, G and H. N. Verma. 2005. Phenology based irrigation scheduling and determination of crop coefficient of winter maize in rice fallow of eastern India. Agricultural water management. 75(3): 169-183.

Kazemeini, S. A., M. Edalat and A. Shekoofa. 2009. Interaction effects of deficit irrigation and row spacing on sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) growth, seed yield and oil yield. African J. Agric. Res. 4 (11): 1165-1170.

Oweis, T., H. Zhang and M. Pala. 2000. Water Use efficiency of rainfed and irrigated bread wheat in a mediterranean environment. Agron. J. 92: 231-238.

Sarwar, A. (1994). Response of Wheat to Soil Moisture Stress at Different Stages of Growth. J. Drainage and Reclamation. 6(1):41-45.

Singh, N. T., R. Singh, P. S. Mahajan and A. C. Vig. 1979. Influence of Supplemental Irrigation and Pre-Sowing Soil Water Storage on Wheat. Agron. J. 71: 483-486.

Steel, R.G.D., J.H. Torrie and D.A. Deekey, 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics: A Biometrical Approach.3rd ed. McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc. New York: 400-428.
Tadayon, M. R. and Y. Emam. 2008. Effect of Supplemental Irrigation and Amount of Available Water on Yield, Yield Components and Physiological Characteristics of Two Rainfed Wheat Cultivars. J. Sci. & Technol. Agric. & Natur. Resour., Vol. 11, No. 42 (A).

Wajid, A., A. Hussain, M. Maqsood, A. Ahmad and M. Awais. 2002. Influence of sowing date and irrigation levels on growth and grain yield of wheat. Pak. J. Agri. Sci. 39(1): 22-24.

Wang, Z., S. Li, V. Cecil and M. Sukhdev. 2005. Effects of water deficit and supplemental irrigation on winter wheat growth, grain yield and quality, nutrient uptake, and residual mineral nitrogen in soil. Communications in soil science and plant analysis. 36: 11-12.

Yaseen, S. M and M. I. Rao. 2002. Skipped Irrigation at Critical Growth Stages and its Effect on Crop Yields and Soil Salinity. Journal of Drainage and Water Management. .6 (1): 37-44.
Zhang, H., Liu, X and Zhang, X. 1993. Theoretical base for water-saving agriculture. In: X. Wang, C. Zhao and H. Chen eds. Water-saving agriculture and water-saving technology. Beijing, Meteorological Publishing House (in Chinese)
451 Views | 289 Downloads
How to Cite
Asim, M. (2015). EFFECT OF SUPPLEMENTAL IRRIGATION ON WHEAT WATER PRODUCTIVITY UNDER RAINFED ECOLOGY OF POTHOHAR, PAKISTAN. Innovare Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(1), 10-13. Retrieved from https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijags/article/view/3469
Original Article(s)