FRUIT ORIENTATION ALTERS THE QUALITY OF LITCHI (LITCHI CHINENESIS SONN.) UNDER THE AGRO-CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF EASTERN INDIA
The experiment was conducted on ten litchi cultivars viz;Purbi, Bedana, Lal Bombay, Mandaraji, Calcuttia, Late Bedana, Trikolia, Dehradoon, Dehrarose and Seedless No. 2 at ICAR-NRC on Litchi, Muzaffarpur, Bihar during 2017-18to assess the physical and chemical composition of fruit as affected by fruit orientation on the tree. Fruits were picked both from lower and upper half portion of the tree and physio-chemical attributes were analyzed.The fruits at lower half were not only heavy in weight but also had more percentage of total acidity. However, stone weight, ascorbic acid content andtotal sugars were found to be more in fruits collected from upper half portion of the tree. Hence, it can be suggestedthat picking should be started from those fruits which are positioned at the lower half portion of the tree in order to collect fruits of superior quality.
Lal N, Das RP. Effect of plant growth regulators on yield and quality of guava (PsidiumguajavaL.) cv. Allahabad Safeda.International Journal of Current Microbiology & Applied Science.2017; 6(5): 857-863.
LalN,Sahu N. Management strategies of sun burn in fruit crops-A Review. International Journal of Current Microbiology & Applied Science.2017;6(6): 1126-1138.
Lal N, Das, RP,Verma, LR. Effect of plant growth regulators on flowering and fruit growth of guava (Psidiumguajava L) cv. Allahabad Safeda.Asian Journal of Horticulture.2013;8(1):54-56.
Lal N, Gupta AK, Marboh ES, Kumar A, Nath V. Effect of pollen grain sources on fruit set and retention in ‘Shahi’ litchi. Multilogic in Science.2019d;9 (29):152-56.
Lal N, Gupta AK, Kumar A, Nath V.Litchi me podhokiumra v tanavkapushpan par prabhav.Litchima.2018a; 4(1): 46-48.
Lal N, Gupta AK, Kushwah NS, Nath V. Sapindaceous Fruits: In: Peter KV, editor. Horticultural Crops of High Nutritive Values. Brillion Publishing, New Delhi. 2017a.
Lal N, Gupta AK, Marboh ES, Kumar A, Nath N. Effect of pollen grain sources on success of hybrids in ‘Bedana’ Litchi. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 2019c; 10(3):241-45.
Lal N, Gupta AK, Nath V. Fruit retention in different litchi germplasm influenced by temperature. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science.2017b; 6(12): 1189-1194.
Lal N, Marboh ES, Gupta AK, Kumar A, Dubedi Anal AK, Nath V. Variation in leaf phenol content during flowering in litchi (Litchi chinensisSonn.). Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences.2019a; 7(6): 569 – 573.
Lal N, Nath V. Aberrant weather influencing the productivity and quality of litchi under changing climatic condition. National conference on Climate conclave 2020: Scientific & Environmental Innvation and Implementation of Sustainable Development Goals dated: 7-8 March 2020b. Organised by SHEFWEL Society and M.P. Council of Science and Technology, Bhopal.
Lal N, Nath V. Effect of plant age and stress on flowering in litchi (Litchi chinensis). Current Horticulture.2020a;8 (1): 24-27.
Lal N, Pandey SK, Nath V, Agrawal V, Gontia AS, Sharma HL. Total phenol and flavonoids in by-product of Indian litchi: Difference among genotypes. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry.2018b;7(3): 2891-2894
Lal N, Pandey SK, Nath V, Gontia AS, Sharma HL. Evaluation of litchi (Litchi chinenesisSonn.) genotypes for fruit quality attributes. International Journal of Chemical Studies.2018a;6(3): 2556-2560.
Lal N, Pandey SK, Nath V. Pericarp Morphology Influences Sun Burn in Different Germplasm of Litchi. Book of Abstract, National Conference on Intensification and Diversification in Agriculture for Livelihood and Rural Development May 28-31, 2018, DRPCAU, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar, India.2018c.21.
Lal N, Singh A, Gupta AK, Marboh ES, Kumar A, Nath N. Precocious Flowering and Dwarf NRCL-29-A New Genetic Stock of Litchi (Litchi ChinensisSonn.).Chemical Science Reviews & Letters.2019b;8 (32): 206-210.
Lal N. Genetic studies of litchi germplasm. Ph.D. Thesis, submitted to JNKVV, Jabalpur, MP.2018.
Marboh ES, Gupta AK, Singh M, Lal N, NathV.In: Peter KV, editor. Litchi inOrigin and Biological Diversity of Horticultural Crops. Brillion Publishing, New Delhi.2019.
Mitchell GE, McLauchlanRL, IsaacsAR, Williams DJ, NottinghamSM. Effect of low dose irradiation on composition of tropical fruits and vegetables. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis.1992;5: 291-311.
Mustafa G. Some studies on the maturity and the quality standards in mango fruit. M.Sc. Agri. Thesis, Uni. of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.1961.
Nagraj K, Diwan G, Lal N. Effect of fruit load on yield and quality of litchi (Litchi chinensisSonn.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry.2019; 8(6): 1929-1931.
Nath V, A Kumar A, Pandey SD, Tripathi PC. Litchi in winter season- a way forward.Indian Horticulture.2015; 59: 26-27.
Panse VG, Sukhatme PV.Statistical methods for agricultural workers.Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi, India. 1967.
Purbey SK, Pongener A, Marboh ES, Lal N. Advances in Packaging of Litchi Fruit to Maintain the Quality.Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology.2019; 38(1): 1-11.
Rahman MS, Rabbi MAK, Bhuiyan MZA, Ara N, Hasan MN.Consequence of fruit orientation on the quality of litchi (Litchi chinenesisSonn.) under the agro-climatic conditions of Ishardi, Bangladesh.International Journal of Experimental Agriculture.2010; 1(2):16-19.
Ray DP, MunsiPS.A note on qualitative parameters and its association with leaf and soil nutrients in litchi (Litchi chinensisSonn.).Orissa Journal of Horticlture.1990;18: 80-85.
Rehman S, BalochAK, GhaffoorA.The quality of sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis) as influenced by exposure to sunlight.Journal of Pure and Applied Science.1984;3: 1-5.
Rehman S, AhmadI, GhafoorA, BalochAK.Quality of sweet oranges as influenced by the fruit orientation on the tree.Pakistan Journal of Science.1982;34: 65–70.
Sayal NA, Sayal OU,Jatoi SA. Variation in Chemical Composition of Litchi Fruits by Orientation.Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences.1999; 2 (3): 1080-1082.
Singh KK, ChadhaKL.Factor affecting the vitamin C content of mango.Punjab Horticulture Journal.1961;1: 171-171.
Singh VK, Karuna S, Tiwari NK, Rao OP. Effect of certain nutrients on fruit set, fruit retention, physical characters and yield of ber fruit (ZizyphusmauritianaLamk). cv. Banarasi Karaka. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management.2016;7:648?652.
Underhill SJR, WongLS. A maturity standard for lychee (Litchi chinensisSonn.).ActaHorticulturae.1989; 269: 181-188.
Van Horn.Effect of fruit orientation on the quality of citrus fruit (Mandarin).Proceeding of Florida state horticulture Society.1936;80: 7–10.
Waseem K,Ghaffoor A,Rehman SU. Effect of Fruit Orientation on the Quality of Litchi (Litchi chinenesisSonn) under the Agro-Climatic Conditions of DeraIsmail Khan–Pakistan.International Journal of Agriculture and Biology.2002; 4(4): 503-505.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.