Alternate options to rice (Oryza sativa) - wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system for partially reclaimed sodic soils


  • YASH PAL SINGH ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226 002, India


Cropping systems, Diversification, Equivalent yield, Energy use efficiency, Partially reclaimed sodic soils, Production efficiency, Water use efficiency


A field experiment was conducted during 2013-14 to 2015-16 at Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Regional Research Station, experimental farm, Shivri, Lucknow to find out the alternate options to rice (Oryza sativa L.)- wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cropping system in partially reclaimed sodic soils. Four cropping systems viz. rice (Oryza sativa L.)- Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) (Cereal based), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)–berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum) (Fodder based), sweet basil (tulsi) (Ocimum basilicum L.)– matricaria (Matricaria chamomilla) ( medicinal and aromatic crop based) and  chilli ( Capsicum spp.)- garlic (Allium sativum linn.) (spices based) were evaluated in the light of sustainability, potentiality and profitability. Maximum rice equivalent yield (14.21 t/ ha) and production efficiency (61.25 kg/ ha/ day) were recorded with sweet basil-matricaria cropping system whereas, highest land use efficiency (78.35%) was observed under sorghum –berseem fodder based cropping system. Highest water expense efficiency (150.72 kg/ ha cm) was recorded with Chilli-garlic cropping system followed by sweet basil-matricaria, but the total amount of water used was more (125.65 cm) in rice-wheat system.  The water requirements of sorghum-berseem, sweet basil-matricaria and chilli –garlic cropping systems were 8.0, 19.8 and 31.8% less than the rice-wheat cropping system.  Among the cropping systems evaluated, maximum energy input (27.50 MJ/ ha) and out put (314.46 MJ/ ha) were analyzed in rice-wheat system. Whereas, maximum energy use efficiency (11.99) was found with sweet basil- matricaria followed by sorghum-berseem (11.91) cropping systems. Highest soil ameliorative potential was established with sweet basil -matricaria cropping system than rest of the cropping systems. Highest net return (Rs. 63222/ ha) and benefit: cost ratio of 2.74 was deliberated with medicinal and aromatic crop based sweet basil-matricaria cropping system than rest of the cropping systems.  


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How to Cite

YASH PAL SINGH. (2021). Alternate options to rice (Oryza sativa) - wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system for partially reclaimed sodic soils . Innovare Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 9(6). Retrieved from



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