ALLELOPATHIC IMPACT OF AQUEOUS LEACHATE OF EUCALYPTUS GLOBULUS L. LEAVES ON SEED GERMINATION, GROWTH, AND BIOCHEMICAL CONTENTS OF SEEDLING OF ELEUSINE CORACANA GAERTN
Keywords:Eucalyptus leaf litter leachate, finger millet, allelochemicals, seed germination, seedling growth, total chlorophyll, total carbohydrates, ragi
The background to the study: Allelopathy can be distinguished from other plant interference strategies because the donor species produces inhibitory compounds into the environment to cause harm. This work aimed to evaluate the allelopathic impact of aqueous leachate of Eucalyptus globulus leaf litter on seed germination, biochemical, and growth parameters of finger millet (Eleusine coracana) seedlings.
Methods: This experiment was conducted using aqueous leaf litter leachate at a concentration of 100%, 80%, 60%, 40%, and 20% using water as a control.
Results: The experiment showed that all the test concentrations of leachate had a deleterious effect on seed germination, seedling growth-like length, fresh and dry weight, and biochemical parameters such as total chlorophyll and total carbohydrate of the test crop, Eleusine coracana seedlings. Further, it was also observed that the inhibitory effects were gradually increased with a rise in the leaf leachate concentration.
Conclusion: It is recommended that crops not be associated with different species of Eucalyptus due to the allelopathic influence on germination and early vegetative developmental stages of crops.
Abdalla AI, Hou FJ. Allelopathic effects of proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L) extracts on seed germination and seedling growth of proso millet and maize. Allelopathy J 2021;54:157-68.
Agrawal PK. :Prospects of millets cultivation in odisha, Souvenir: National workshop on Nutri Cereal; 2019. 7-9.
Al Harun AM, Robinson RW, Johnson J, Uddin MN. Allelopathic potential of Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. Monilifera (boneseed): A novel weapon in the invasion processes. S Afr J Bot 2014;93:157-66.
Alam SM, Islam EU. Effect of aqueous extract of leaf. Allelopathy J 2002;7:69-78.
Aragão FB, Queiroz VT, Ferreira A, Costa AV, Pinheiro PF, Carrijo TT, et al. Phytotoxicity and cytotoxicity of Lepidaploa rufogrisea (Asteraceae) extracts in the plant model Lactuca sativa (Asteraceae). Rev Biol Trop 2017;65:435-43.
Chandra S. Souvenir: National workshop on Nutri Cereal. Bhubaneswar: Bermuda Biological Station for Research; 2019
Dafaallah AB, Mustafa WN, Hussein YH. Allelopathic effects of jimsonweed (Datura Stramonium L.) seed on seed germination and seedling growth of some leguminous crops. Int J Innov Approaches Agric Res 2019;3:321-31.
Dawar, S. H. A. H. N. A. Z., Younus, S. M., Tariq, M. A. R. I. U. M., & Zaki, M. J. (2007). Use of Eucalyptus sp., in the control of root infecting fungi on mung bean and chick-pea. Pak. J. Bot, 39(3), 975-979.
Epee Missé PT. Allelopathic Effects of Four Plant Species on Lettuce Seed Germination and Seedling Growth; 2019. Available from: https://www. ssrn.com/abstract=3229352
Ghanuni AM, Elshebani A, Moftah MA, Lajili AN. Allelopathic effect of (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) on peanut (Arachis hypogaea) crop and purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) weed. Sch J Agri Sci 2015;5:189-94.
Gurmu W. Effects of aqueous Eucalyptus extracts on seed germination and seedling growth of Phaseolus vulgaris L. and Zea mays L. Open Access Libr J 2015;2:1-8.
Herro JL, Callaway RM. Allelopathy and exotic plant invasion. Plant Soil 2003;256:29-39.
Joshi N, Joshi A. Allelopathic effects of weed extracts on germination of wheat. Ann Plant Sci 2016;5:1330-4.
Joshi, N., & Joshi, A. Basic Experimental Approaches In Allelopathic Studies: 2021,81-94.
Joshi N, Joshi A. Study of allelopathic interactions of weeds on of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Moong (Vigna radiata) using equal-compartment-agar method (ECAM). Int J Appl Agric Res 2017;12:247-54.
Kochhar SL. Economic Botany in Tropics. 4th ed., Macmillan publishers india Ltd., Delhi; 2011. P.472-473
Krumsri R, Iwasaki A, Suenaga K, Kato-Noguchi H. Assessment of allelopathic potential of Senna garrettiana leaves and identification of potent phytotoxic substances. Agronomy 2022;12:139.
Li YH, Zhang Y, Yang Y, Zhang SJ, Jin X. Allelopathic effects of leachates of Lumnitzera littorea fruits on germination, seedling growth and antioxidant enzymes of native mangrove species Sonneratia caseolaris. Allelopathy J 2021;54:199-210.
Lin WX. Effect of self-allelopathy on AOS of Casuarina equisetifolia forst seedling. Fujian J Agric Sci 2010;25L:108-13.
Luna RK. Eucalypts in agroforestry. ENVIS Centre on Forestry National Forest Library and Information Centre Forest Research Institute Eucalypts in India. 2009;209-234
Mandal M, Kumari M, Mandal SS, Mandal SK, Sinha NK. Allelopathic effect of aqueous leaf extracts of Withania somnifera dual on germination and seedling growth of wheat. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7:3158-61.
Manoj KT. Allelopathic effect of some agroforestry tree species on soya bean. Int J Farm Sci 2014;4:107-13.
Mishra SK. Allelopathic potential of Convolvulus arvensis Linn. on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum vulgare). Res J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;10:157-62.
Molisch H. The Influence of One Plant on Another: Allelopathy. Vol. 8. Jena: GustavFischer; 1937. p. 106.
Muller DM, C.H. Fog drip: A mechanism for toxin transport in Eucalyptus globulus. Bull Torrey Bot Club 1969;96:467-75.
Mushtaq W, Siddiqui MB, Hakeem KR. Allelopathy potential of weeds belonging to the family. In: Allelopathy. Cham: Springer; 2020. p. 37-43.
Nega F, Gudeta T. Allelopathic effect of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. on seed germination and seedling growth of highland teff (Eragrostis tef (Zuccagni) trotter) and barely (Hordeum vulgare L.). J Exp Agric Int 2019;30:1-12.
Nishida N, Tamotsu S, Nagata N, Saito C, Sakai A. Allelopathic effects of volatile monoterpenoids produced by Salvia leucophylla: Inhibition of cell proliferation and DNA synthesis in the root apical meristem of Brassica campestris seedlings. J Chem Ecol 2005;31:1187-203.
Padhy B, Khan PA, Acharya B, Buxipatra NP. Allelopathic effects of Eucalyptus leaves on seed germination and seedling growth of finger millet. Proceedings of First National Symposium on Allelopathy in agroecosystems (agriculture & forestry) 1992;3:102-4.
Padhy B, Pattnaik PK, Tripathy AK. Allelopathic potential of Eucalyptus leaf litter leachates on germination of seedling growth of finger-millet. Allelopathy J 2000;7:69-78.
Patel B, Achariya B, Bupripata NP. Allelopathic effects production and functions. Adv Agron 2002;62:145-51.
Rassaeifar M, Hosseini N, Zandi P, Aghdam AM, Asl NH. Allelopathic effect of Eucalyptus globulus essential oil on seed germination and seedling establishment of Amarathus blitoides and cyndon dactylon. Trakia J Sci 2013;1:73-81.
Rawat LS, Maikhuri RK, Bahuguna YM, Jha JK, Phondani PC. Sunflower allelopathy for weed control in agriculture systems. J Crop Sci Biotechnol 2017;20:45-60.
Regu W. Allelopathic potential of Eucalyptus on germination and early seedling growth performance of agricultural crops. Int J Agric Innov Res 2018;6:406-10.
Scavo A, Abbate C, Mauromicale G. Plant allelochemicals: Agronomic, nutritional and ecological relevance in the soil system. Plant Soil 2019;442:23-48.
Sikolia SF, Ayuma E. Allelopathic effects of Eucalyptus Saligna on germination growth and development of Vigna Unguiculata L.Walp. IOSR J Environ Sci Toxicol Food Technol 2018;12:15-25.
Sorecha E, Bayiss B. Allelopathic effect of Parthenium hysterophorus L. on germination andgrowth of peanut and soybean in Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Technol 2017;2017:1-4.
Sunmonu TO, Van Staden J. Phytotoxicity evaluation of six fast growing tree species in South Africa. S Afr J Bot 2014;90:101-6.
Yakubu I, Aminu SA, Abdullahi M. Influence of allelochemicals substances in Eucalyptus species on agricultural crops: A review. Int J Adv Agric Sci Technol 2018;5:25-32.
Zhao J, Yang Z, Zou J, Li Q. Allelopathic effects of sesame extracts on seed germination of moso bamboo and identification of potential allelochemicals. Sci Rep 2022;12:6661.
Zubay P, Kunzelmann J, Ittzés A, Zámboriné EN, Szabó K. Allelopathic effects of leachates of Juglans regia L., Populus tremula L. and juglone on germination of temperate zone cultivated medicinal and aromatic plants. Agroforest Syst 2021;95:431-42.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 UMABATI SAHU
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.