THE INCREASE OF TOOTH ENAMEL SURFACE HARDNESS AFTER APPLICATION BLOOD COCKLE SHELLS (ANADARA GRANOSA) PASTE AS REMINERALIZATION AGENT

  • JUNI JEKTI NUGROHO Department of Conservative, Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar City, 90245, Indonesia
  • NURHAYATY NATSIR Department of Conservative, Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar City, 90245, Indonesia
  • ARIES CHANDRA TRILAKSANA Department of Conservative, Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar City, 90245, Indonesia
  • CHRISTINE ANASTASIA ROVANI Department of Conservative, Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar City, 90245, Indonesia
  • MAYA MASYITA ATLANTA Department of Conservative, Faculty of Dentistry, Hasanuddin University, Makassar City, 90245, Indonesia

Abstract

Objective: To determine the increase of tooth enamel surface hardness after application hydroxyapatite paste that was synthesized from blood cockle shells (Anadara granosa) as a remineralization agent.


Methods: Laboratory experimental study using twenty-seven maxillary first premolar and randomly divided into 3 groups. All of the samples were immersed in the non-cola carbonated drink (2 min). Thereafter, samples in each group were treated (6 min) with application of blood cockle shells paste that has been synthesized (group 1), casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate paste (GC Tooth Mousse®) (group 2) as a positive control, and stored in saline solution (NaCl) (group 3) as a negative control. Vickers Hardness Number (VHN) measurement was performed at baseline, after immersing in non-cola carbonated drink and after completing of the respective treatment.


Results: Immersion in non-cola carbonated drink reduced the enamel surface hardness significantly. Significant re-hardening after treated occurred in group 1 and 2 also baseline hardness of both groups were achieved. But statistically no significant differences between group 1 and 2 in re-hardening enamel surface hardness (final hardness-hardness after immersion).


Conclusion: Application of blood cockle shells paste as a remineralization agent could increase tooth enamel surface hardness which is nearly the same effective as CPP-ACP paste.

Keywords: Enamel surface hardness, Non-cola carbonated drink, Blood cockle shells paste, CPP-ACP paste

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NUGROHO, J. J., NATSIR, N., TRILAKSANA, A. C., ROVANI, C. A., & ATLANTA, M. M. (2019). THE INCREASE OF TOOTH ENAMEL SURFACE HARDNESS AFTER APPLICATION BLOOD COCKLE SHELLS (ANADARA GRANOSA) PASTE AS REMINERALIZATION AGENT. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 11(4), 26-29. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2019.v11s4.35284
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