THE EFFECT OF SNAKEFRUIT EXTRACT (SALACCA ZALACCA) IN INHIBITING THE RELEASE OF CHROMIUM (Cr) AND NICKEL (Ni) ION FROM STAINLESS STEEL ORTHODONTIC WIRE TO SALIVA

  • EKA ERWANSYAH Department of Orthodontic, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • SUSILOWATI Department of Orthodontic, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • CITRA PRATIWI Clinical Dental Student, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Abstract

Objective: People are not yet aware of the risk of using orthodontic appliances. It may cause corrosion in the mouth due to the metal ions released that can compromise the human body. Snake fruit seeds containing cellulose and antioxidants could inhibit the corrosion process. The aim of this study was to determine the effect snake fruit extract (Salacca zalacca) in inhibiting the release of chromium (Cr) and nickel (Ni) ions from stainless steel orthodontic wire to saliva. 


Methods: This study used an experimental laboratory study with post-test control group design and stainless steel orthodontic wires with a diameter of 0.42 mm. The samples were artificial saliva that divided into 2 groups, one group without treatment and three groups were given snake fruit extract with a concentration of 100 ppm, 300 ppm and 500 ppm, respectively. Cr and Ni ion release was measured using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. The collected data were then analyzed using computer software.


Results: The results showed that Cr ion release value in the control group was the lowest while in the treated group with a concentration of 100 ppm, and 500 ppm were the same. The Ni ions release in the treated group, with a concentration of 300 ppm showed the lowest value. 


Conclusion: This study concluded that Snakefruit seeds extract effectively inhibits the Ni ions release from stainless steel orthodontic wire at a concentration of 300 ppm.

Keywords: Stainless steel orthodontic wires, Chromium, Nickel, Snakefruit seeds extract, Artificial saliva

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ERWANSYAH, E., SUSILOWATI, & PRATIWI, C. (2019). THE EFFECT OF SNAKEFRUIT EXTRACT (SALACCA ZALACCA) IN INHIBITING THE RELEASE OF CHROMIUM (Cr) AND NICKEL (Ni) ION FROM STAINLESS STEEL ORTHODONTIC WIRE TO SALIVA. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 11(4), 33-36. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2019.v11s4.35286
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