• Naveen Gupta Madhyanchal professional university bhopal


Objective: The objective of this investigation was to develop and statistically optimize deformable vesicles such as transfersomes and transethosomes of Naproxen sodium by employing 33 factorial design through software Design expert version 12 (Box–Behnken design) for dermal delivery.

Methods: The levels of the drug, phosphatidylcholine and span 80 (independent variables) were varied to study the influence on vesicle size and % entrapment efficiency (dependent variables) of transfersomes and for transethosomes the levels of phosphatidylcholine, ethanol and span 80 were selected as independent variables Second order quadratic polynomial equation, 2D and 3D contour plots represented relationship between variables and desired response. The optimization process were carried out using desirability plots and Point prediction techniques

Results: Results of the present study demonstrated that optimized transfersomes and transethosomes shown vesicle size of 114.91 nm and 102.91 nm respectively while entrapment efficiency of 80.11 % and 86.97% respectively. Both formulations showed high zeta potential values indicating stability of optimized formulation. ANOVA statistical results showed significance difference (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: The results indicated that independent variable plays a crucial role in optimizing a formulation which can be used for further research studies. Present preliminary study data provided a strong evidence that the optimized deformable vesicular formulations through box behenken factorial design can be a potentially useful drug carrier for naproxen sodium dermal delivery with minimum vesicle size and efficient entrapment efficiency.

Keywords: Naproxen sodium, Transfersomes, Transethosomes, Factorial design , Box behenken design, Transdermal.


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