• MD SADIQUE HUSSSAIN School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, 144411, Punjab, India
  • MOHIT School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, 144411, Punjab, India
  • PARUL PAMMA School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, 144411, Punjab, India
  • BABY KUMARI School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, 144411, Punjab, India



SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, Repurposed drugs, Vaccines, Clinical trials


Respiratory diseases are the leading source of morbidity and death for millions around the world of all ages. A 2019 coronavirus outbreak has occurred in China and is spread quickly throughout nearly all across the world. To introduce prevention measures that have contributed to a sudden upturn in the rate of cases around the globe, several nations responded too late. It has prompted nations to close the borders, halted companies, kept people inside their homes, and numerous other measures to prevent their spread.

We systematically searched on Google scholar, PubMed, LitCovid, and MedRxiv using the search terms coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome, 2019-nCoV, SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, COVID-19, and vaccine for published articles. Present or performed clinical studies were found on the ClinicalTrials. gov, the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, and the International Clinical Trial Registry site using the disease searches phrase coronavirus infection.

Many repurposed drugs, including antivirals, antibiotics, monoclonal antibodies, corticosteroids, and others, were found to be effective against the novel COVID-19. Governments, private firms, researchers, and non-profit organizations are working hard to create a COVID-19 vaccine.

In addition to the new medicines and old drug clinical testing, SARS-CoV-2 vaccines must also be designed and developed. Moreover, positive news in the development of vaccines suggests that new vaccines will be available on the market soon and a bowl of immunity against this virus can be established, thus limiting the spread and eradication of this deadly virus from the surface of the world as with so many viruses.


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