FORMULATION OF MESALAMINE-LOADED RECTAL MUCOADHESIVE PELLETS FOR THE TREATMENT OF INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE USING 32 FULL FACTORIAL DESIGN

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2022v14i5.45180

Keywords:

Inflammatory Bowel Disease, extrusion, spheronization, suppository, sustained release, mucoadhesion

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the present work was to optimize a rectal suppository containing mucoadhesive pellets of Mesalamine to achieve local yet sustained release of Mesalamine for once-a-dayadministration for the therapy of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Methods: Thus, the present work involves forming mucoadhesive pellets of mesalamine by extrusion spheronization which were then loaded into a suppository to be administered rectally. The pellets were evaluated for mucoadhesion strength, swelling potential, morphology, particle size, drug release, drug loading and retention time.

Results: The optimized batch of pellets using Eudragit RLPO as the release retardant, carrageenan as a mucoadhesive polymer and otherexcipients had a mucoadhesion strength of 0.143 N, a swelling index of 50.50 %, and 44 % and 75 % drug was released from them at the end of 6 and 15 hours respectively. The pellets-loaded cocoa butter suppositories had a melting range of 35 – 37 °C, disintegrated within 8 – 9 mins and had a hardness of 4 – 5 kg/cm3. A comparison of the in vitro drug release profile from the mucoadhesive pellets and the mucoadhesive pellets-loaded suppositories showed a closeness in the % cumulative drug release indicating that cocoa butter did not interfere in the release of the drug from the pellets.

Conclusion: Mucoadhesive Pellets were successfully developed by extrusion spheronizer technique and incorporated into suppositories.  In vitro study revealed a release profile that warranted a once-a-day regimen leading to a reduction in the requirement of the drug and hence the side effects.

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Published

04-07-2022

How to Cite

VAJA, P. N., & DETROJA, D. C. M. (2022). FORMULATION OF MESALAMINE-LOADED RECTAL MUCOADHESIVE PELLETS FOR THE TREATMENT OF INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE USING 32 FULL FACTORIAL DESIGN. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 14(5). https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2022v14i5.45180

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