• SENTHIL KUMAR B. Head – Central Research Laboratory for Biomedical Research, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vinayaka Mission’s KirupanandaVariyar Medical College, Vinayaka Missions Research Foundation (DU) Salem-636308, Tamilnadu, India
  • KOUSER BANU Assistant Professor, Clinical Skill Department, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • G. PANNEER SELVI Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vinayaka Mission’s Kirupananda Variyar Medical College, Vinayaka Missions Research Foundation (DU)Salem-636308, Tamilnadu, India
  • K. EZHIL VENDHAN Dean / Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Vinayaka Mission’s Kirupananda Variyar Medical College, Vinayaka Missions Research Foundation (DU)Salem-636308, Tamilnadu, India


Mobile Phone Radiations, Semen Parameters, Sperm Morphology, Male Infertility



The use of mobile phones over extended periods of time is associated with genotoxicity. The Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) values of mobile phones indicate that they release less radiofrequency radiation, which is discovered to be within a safer limit. This is the case because SAR values can be measured. The use of mobile phones for extended periods of time may also cause DNA damage in human cells.


The purpose of this study is to analyse the impact that radiation from mobile phones have on fertility by analysing the quality of the sperm of people who use their phones often.

Components and Techniques

The research was carried out on a total of 150 people who were between the ages of 20 and 40 and divided into three groups (frequent mobile users, moderate mobile users and less mobile phone users). Prior to collecting samples from the subjects, permission was obtained from them. The researcher conducted individual interviews with each participant in the study in order to collect information for filling out a structured questionnaire. Analyses and comparisons were made between the three groups on the properties of the sperm, including their motility and shape.

Results and Conclusion

The findings of a number of research indicate that radiations released by mobile phones have an effect on male fertility by causing permanent alterations in the morphology of the semen. The current research demonstrates that there is a problem with the fertilising ability of sperm due to defects and changes in sperm morphology. According to the findings of this research, radiations released by mobile phones will have an effect on male fertility. The genotoxic impact may be brought to the attention of regular users of mobile phones and the required measures can be taken via the use of biosensors, which offer a warning signal or alarm when the radiations level exceeds the usual limit.


Download data is not yet available.


Blackwell RP. Standards for microwave radiation. Nature.1979;282:360.

La Vignera S, Condorelli RA, Vicari E, D'Agata R, Calogero AE. Effects of the exposure to mobile phones on male reproduction: a review of the literature. J Androl. 2012 May-Jun;33(3):350-6. doi: 10.2164/jandrol.111.014373. Epub 2011 Jul 28. PMID: 21799142.

Agarwal A, Deepinder F, Sharma RK, Ranga G, Li J. Effect of cell phone usage on semen analysis in men attending infertility clinic: an observational study. Fertil Steril. 2008 Jan;89(1):124-8. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2007.01.166. Epub 2007 May 4. PMID: 17482179.

Fejes I, Závaczki Z, Szöllosi J, Koloszár S, Daru J, Kovács L, Pál A. Is there a relationship between cell phone use and semen quality? Arch Androl. 2005 Sep-Oct;51(5):385-93. doi: 10.1080/014850190924520. PMID: 16087567.

Prausnitz S, Susskind C. Effects of chronic microwave irradiation on mice. Ire Trans Biomed Electron. 1962 Apr;BME-9:104-8. doi: 10.1109/tbmel.1962.4322972. PMID: 14037410..

Bullock J, Boyle J, Wang MB, Ajello RR. Physiology. New York : Wiley ; Media, Pa. Harwal Pub. Co., 1984

Sharlip ID, Jarow JP, Belker AM, Lipshultz LI, Sigman M, Thomas AJ, Schlegel PN, Howards SS, Nehra A, Damewood MD, Overstreet JW, Sadovsky R. Best practice policies for male infertility. Fertil Steril. 2002 May;77(5):873-82. doi: 10.1016/s0015-0282(02)03105-9. PMID: 12009338.

Mohanasundaram, S., Ramirez-Asis, E., Quispe-Talla, A. et al. Experimental replacement of hops by mango in beer: production and comparison of total phenolics, flavonoids, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins and toxic substances. Int J Syst Assur Eng Manag 2022;13, 132–145.

Davoudi M, Brossner C, Kuber W. The influence of electromagnetic waves on sperm motility. Urol Urogynaecol. 2002;19:18–22.

Agarwal A, Singh A, Hamada A, Kesari K. Cell phones and male infertility: a review of recent innovations in technology and consequences. Int Braz J Urol. 2011 Jul-Aug;37(4):432-54. doi: 10.1590/s1677-55382011000400002. PMID: 21888695.

R.W.Y. Habash. Bioeffects and Therapeutic Applications of Electromagnetic Energy. CRC Press, Tayler& Francis Group, Boca Raton. 2008.

Schulte RT, Ohl DA, Sigman M, Smith GD. Sperm DNA damage in male infertility: etiologies, assays, and outcomes. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2010 Jan;27(1):3-12. doi: 10.1007/s10815-009-9359-x. Epub 2009 Dec 12. PMID: 20012685; PMCID: PMC2826626.

Zhang G, Yan H, Chen Q, Liu K, Ling X, Sun L, Zhou N, Wang Z, Zou P, Wang X, Tan L, Cui Z, Zhou Z, Liu J, Ao L, Cao J. Effects of cell phone use on semen parameters: Results from the MARHCS cohort study in Chongqing, China. Environ Int. 2016 May;91:116-21. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2016.02.028. Epub 2016 Mar 4. PMID: 26949865.

Mohanasundaram S, Victor Arokia Doss, Prasad Maddisetty, Magesh R, Sivakumar K and Subathra M. Pharmacological analysis of hydroethanolic extract of Senna alata (L.) for in vitro free radical scavenging and cytotoxic activities against HepG2 cancer cell line. Pak. J. Pharm. Sci., 2019; 32(3):931-934.

Lönn S, Ahlbom A, Hall P, Feychting M. Mobile phone use and the risk of acoustic neuroma. Epidemiology. 2004 Nov;15(6):653-9. doi: 10.1097/01.ede.0000142519.00772.bf. PMID: 15475713.

Oftedal G, Wilén J, Sandström M, Mild KH. Symptoms experienced in connection with mobile phone use. Occup Med (Lond). 2000 May;50(4):237-45. doi: 10.1093/occmed/50.4.237. PMID: 10912374.

Braune S, Wrocklage C, Raczek J, Gailus T, Lücking CH. Resting blood pressure increase during exposure to a radio-frequency electromagnetic field. Lancet. 1998 Jun 20;351(9119):1857-8. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(98)24025-6. PMID: 9652672.

V.Karthikeyan, K. Sivakumar, Aishwarya Gokuldass and S.MohanaSundaram. Studies on Larvicidal Activity of Leucas aspera, Vitex negundo and Eucalyptus against Culex quinquefasciatus collected from Coovum River of Chennai, India. Asian J Pharmaceutical Sci. and Clin. Res. 2012; 5(3):1-4.

Zhou N, Cui Z, Yang S, Han X, Chen G, Zhou Z, Zhai C, Ma M, Li L, Cai M, Li Y, Ao L, Shu W, Liu J, Cao J. Air pollution and decreased semen quality: a comparative study of Chongqing urban and rural areas. Environ Pollut. 2014 Apr;187:145-52. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.12.030. Epub 2014 Feb 1. PMID: 24491300.

Repacholi MH. Low-level exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields: health effects and research needs. Bioelectromagnetics. 1998;19(1):1-19. PMID: 9453702.

Baste V, Riise T, Moen BE. Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields; male infertility and sex ratio of offspring. Eur J Epidemiol 2008;23:369–77.

El- Helaly M, M. Mansour. Cell phone usage and semen quality, hospital based study, Sch. J. Appl. Med. Sci. 2014;2:1978–1982.

Mohanasundaram.S, N.Rangarajan, V.Sampath, K.Porkodi, M.V.Dass Prakash, N.Monicka. GC-MS Identification of Anti-inflammatory and Anticancer Metabolites in Edible Milky White Mushroom (Calocybe indica) against Human Breast Cancer (MCF-7) Cells. Res J Pharm and Tech., 2021; 14(8):4300-4306.

Rago R, Salacone P, Caponecchia L, Sebastianelli A, Marcucci I, Calogero AE, Condorelli R, Vicari E, Morgia G, Favilla V, Cimino S, Arcoria AF, La Vignera S. The semen quality of the mobile phone users. J Endocrinol Invest. 2013 Dec;36(11):970-4. doi: 10.3275/8996. Epub 2013 May 30. PMID: 23722985.

Feijo C, Verza Junior S, Esteves SC. Lack of evidence that radiofrequency electromagneticwaves (RF-EMW) emitted by cellular phones impact semen parameters of Brazilian men. Hum. Reprod. 2011;26:i139–i140.

Wdowiak A, Wdowiak L, Wiktor H. Evaluation of the effect of using mobile phones on male fertility. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2007;14(1):169-72. PMID: 17655195.

Boulos V, Hassan H. Do cell phones affect semen quality?, Eur Urol. Suppl. 2013;12:e843–e844.

Gaskins AJ, Mendiola J, Afeiche M, Jørgensen N, Swan SH, Chavarro JE. Physical activity and television watching in relation to semen quality in young men. Br J Sports Med. 2015 Feb;49(4):265-70. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091644. Epub 2013 Feb 4. PMID: 23380634; PMCID: PMC3868632.

Hardell L, Carlberg M, Ohlson CG, Westberg H, Eriksson M, Hansson Mild K. Use of cellular and cordless telephones and risk of testicular cancer. Int J Androl. 2007 Apr;30(2):115-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2605.2006.00721.x. Epub 2006 Dec 20. PMID: 17209885.

Victor Arokia Doss, Prasad Maddisetty, Mohanasundaram.S. Biological active compounds with various medicinal values of Strychnos Nux-vomica – A Pharmacological summary. J Global Trends Pharm Sci 2016; 7(1): 3044-3047.

Bhat MA, Kumar V, Gupta GK. Effects of mobile phone and mobile phone tower radiations on human health. Int. J. Recent Sci. Res. 2013;4:1422–1426.

Wang, Q., Sivakumar, K., Mohanasundaram, S. Impacts of extrusion processing on food nutritional components. Int J Syst Assur Eng Manag 2022; 13: 364–374.

Kilgallon SJ, Simmons LW. Image content influences men's semen quality. Biol Lett. 2005 Sep 22;1(3):253-5. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2005.0324. PMID: 17148180; PMCID: PMC1617155.

Agarwal A, Desai NR, Makker K, Varghese A, Mouradi R, Sabanegh E, Sharma R. Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study. Fertil Steril. 2009 Oct;92(4):1318-1325. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.08.022. Epub 2008 Sep 20. PMID: 18804757.

Sienkiewicz Z. Biological effects of electromagnetic fields and radiation. J Radiol Prot. 1998 Sep;18(3):185-93. doi: 10.1088/0952-4746/18/3/005. PMID: 9791809.

Mohanasundaram.S, N.Rangarajan, V.Sampath, K.Porkodi, M.Pennarasi. GC-MS and HPLC analysis of Antiglycogenolytic and Glycogenic compounds in Kaempferol 3 – O – gentiobioside containing Senna alata L leaves in experimental rats. Translational Metabolic Syndrome Research., 2021; 4:10-17.

Kumar S, Kesari KK, Behari J. The therapeutic effect of a pulsed electromagnetic field on the reproductive patterns of male Wistar rats exposed to a 2.45-GHz microwave field. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2011;66(7):1237-45. doi: 10.1590/s1807-59322011000700020. PMID: 21876981; PMCID: PMC3148471.

Avendaño C, Mata A, Sanchez Sarmiento CA, Doncel GF. Use of laptop computers connected to internet through Wi-Fi decreases human sperm motility and increases sperm DNA fragmentation. Fertil Steril. 2012 Jan;97(1):39-45.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2011.10.012. Epub 2011 Nov 23. PMID: 22112647.

Al-Akhras MA, Elbetieha A, Hasan MK, Al-Omari I, Darmani H, Albiss B. Effects of extremely low frequency magnetic field on fertility of adult male and female rats. Bioelectromagnetics. 2001 Jul;22(5):340-4. doi: 10.1002/bem.59. PMID: 11424157.

Rangarajan.N, Sangeetha.R, Mohanasundaram.S, Sampath.V, Pokodi.K, Dass Prakash MV. Additive inhibitory effect of the peels of Citrus limon and Citrus sinensis against amylase and glucosidase activity. Int. J. Res. Pharm. Sci., 2020;11(4), 6876-6880.

Kim YW, Kim HS, Lee JS, Kim YJ, Lee SK, Seo JN, Jung KC, Kim N, Gimm YM. Effects of 60 Hz 14 microT magnetic field on the apoptosis of testicular germ cell in mice. Bioelectromagnetics. 2009 Jan;30(1):66-72. doi: 10.1002/bem.20448. PMID: 18839413.

Li DK, Yan B, Li Z, Gao E, Miao M, Gong D, Weng X, Ferber JR, Yuan W. Exposure to magnetic fields and the risk of poor sperm quality. Reprod Toxicol. 2010 Jan;29(1):86-92. doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2009.09.004. Epub 2009 Nov 6. PMID: 19910156.

Rangarajan.N, Sampath.V, Dass Prakash MV, Mohanasundaram.S. UV Spectophotometry and FTIR analysis of Phenolic Compounds with Antioxidant Potentials in Glycyrrhiza glabra and Zingiber officinale. Int. J. Res. Pharm. Sci., 2021;12(1):877-883.

Al-Bayyari N. The effect of cell phone usage on semen quality and fertility among Jordanian males. Middle East Fertil Society J. 2017;22(3):178–82.

Kesari KK, Behari J. Evidence for mobile phone radiation exposure effects on reproductive pattern of male rats: role of ROS. Electromagn Biol Med. 2012 Sep;31(3):213-22. doi: 10.3109/15368378.2012.700292. PMID: 22897402.

Victor Arokia Doss, Mohanasundaram.S, Prasad Maddisetty. Analysis of hydroethanolic extract of Senna alata (L.) to screen bioactive compounds with inhibitory activity on lipid peroxidation, in vitro antibacterial and antidiabetic efficacy. Int J Pharma Sci., 2016; 6(1): 1360-1366.

Erogul O, Oztas E, Yildirim I, Kir T, Aydur E, Komesli G, Irkilata HC, Irmak MK, Peker AF. Effects of electromagnetic radiation from a cellular phone on human sperm motility: an in vitro study. Arch Med Res. 2006 Oct;37(7):840-3. doi: 10.1016/j.arcmed.2006.05.003. PMID: 16971222.



How to Cite

B., S. K., BANU, K., SELVI, G. P., & VENDHAN, K. E. (2022). EFFECTS OF RADIATION FROM MOBILE PHONES ON FERTILITY AND THE QUALITY OF SEMEN IN REGULAR MOBILE PHONE USERS. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 14. Retrieved from https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijap/article/view/45558



Original Article(s)