PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF Aerva lanata, Adathoda vasica, Pisonia alba, Sesbania grandiflora AND Indigofera aspalathoides
The objective of the present study was to investigate the presence of various phytochemicals from ethanol, ethyl acetate, methanol and chloroform extracts of Aerva lanata (whole plant), leaves of Adathoda vasica, Pisonia alba, Sesbania grandiflora and Indigofera aspalathoides. The phytochemical analysis showed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, glycosides, saponins, resins, carbohydrates and proteins. The whole plant of A. lanata showed the presence of flavonoids, terpenoids, glycosides, carbohydrates and proteins. Flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, glycosides, resins, carbohydrates and proteins are found in the leaves of Adathoda vasica. Flavonoids, glycosides and resins were found in the leaves of Pisonia alba. No phytochemical constituents were found in the chloroform extract of Pisonia alba leaves. Ethanol and methanol leaf extracts from Sesbania grandiflora and methanol leaf extract from Indigofera aspalathoides indicated that they contained most of the phytochemical compounds. The different extracts of plants have clearly indicated the presence of all the major phytochemicals, hence these plants can be used for the extraction of bioactive compounds.
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