SCIENTIFIC WRITING AS AN ART: AN OVERVIEW
Writing well is an art that takes time to be perfect, but if you donâ€™t try it, you wonâ€™t nail it. The value of writing should never be underestimated, as writing well improves your work . If the writing is clear, it can turn bad science into good science and makes more impactful and valuable . Writing helps the speaker to express the issue before audience very easier. There are various types of writing such as articles, journals, literature review etc . The scientific writing should be simple, objective and concise. Writing depends on the readerâ€™s needs (for a normal reader technical terms mathematical expressions has never suited well) . Various types of manuscripts are used in scientific writing. One of the key developers in scientific publications is the adoption of the IMRADâ€™s [Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion] structure . Apart from this other form is TAKAR (Title, Abstract, Keywords, Acknowledgements, and References) . Approaches made by writers for in the design of the contents are about various forms in more than one journal . In case of reference also various styles are used, such as Vancouverâ€™s style, the Harvard system. Writing is a most important factor to criticize and evaluate the publications . Writing process should not intend to be sane, effective. Writing is a decision making process and Writers designs in different ways for their scientific work . All written communications are affected by a larger context or situation . This article helps the reviewers to know about the different writing methods its rhythm and styles.Keywords: Writing style, Ledgable, Language, Style and rhythm, Precision, Bibliography
2. Whitesides GM. Whitesidesâ€™ group: writing a paper. Adv Mat 2004;16:1375â€“7.
3. Thrower PA. Writing a scientific paper: I. Titles and abstracts. Carbon 2007;45:2143â€“4.
4. Schulman RE. How to write a scientific paper. Annals Improbable Res 1996;2:8â€“12.
5. Spache G. A new readability formula for primarygrade reading materials. Elem Sch J 1953;53:410â€“3.
6. Fan C, Gillespie B, Wang G, Heeger AJ, Plaxco KW. Spectroscopy and electrochemistry of the pyridine-chytochrome c complex and the pyridine-induced â€˜alkaline-likeâ€™ conformation. J Phys Chem B 2002;106:11375â€“83.
7. Alley Michael. The craft of scientific writing. 3rd edition. New York: Springer-Verlag; 1996.
8. Day RA. How to write and publish a scientific paper. 5th ed. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press; 1998.
9. Day RA. Scientific english: a guide for scientists and other professionals. 2nd ed. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press; 1995.
10. Gartland JJ. Medical writing and communicating. Frederick, MD: University Publishing Group; 1993.
11. Hyland K. English for professional academic purposes: writing for scholarly publication. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2007.
12. R Barrass. â€œScientists Must Writeâ€, Chapman and Hall, London; 1978.
13. WI Beveridge. The art of scientific investigation. Vintage Books, New York; 1950.
14. Sinclair Goodlad. Speaking technically. London; 1990.
15. Raimes. Keys for writers. Houghton Mifflin Company; 199
16. W Strunk e, EB White. The elements of style. Allyn and Bacon; 1979.
17. William F Miseri. Critical appraisal of the literature. J Am Board Family Med 1999;12:315-33.
18. Lock S. Does editorial peer review work? Ann Intern Med 1994;121:60-1.
19. Sonis J, Joines J. The quality of clinical trials published in the Journal of family practice 1974-1991. J Fam pract 1994;39:225-35.
20. Beggc, Cho M, Eastwood s, Horton R, Moher D, Olkin I, et al. Improving the quality of reporting of RCT. The consort statement. JAMA 1996;276:637-9.
21. Altman DG. The scandal of poor medical research: we need less search, better research, and research done for eight reasons. Br Med J 1994;308:283-4.
22. Georges Bordage. Considerations on preparing a paper for publication. Teaching Learning Med 1989;1:47-52.
23. What happens to manuscripts submitted to the journal? Editorial Medical Education 1998;32:167-70.
24. A23. Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to bio medical journals. Ann Intern Med 1997;126:36-7.
25. McCann AL, Schneiderman ED. Using research for clinical decision-making: elements of a research report. J Contemporary Dental Practice 2002;1:74.
26. Tacker MM. Writing to be read, reading to stay ahead. Letters from an Editor. Int J Prosthodont 1990;3:103-4.
27. Tacker MM. What makea a biomedical manuscript publishable. Int J Prosthodont 1990;4:205-6.
28. Tacker MM. Rewards and responsibilities of biomedical authorship. Int J Prosthodont 1990;3:305-6.
29. Weintraub JA, Douglass CW, Gillings DB. Biostats, data analysis for dental health care professionals. 2nd Ed. Research Triangle Park, NC: CAVCO Publications; 1985.
30. Brunette DM. Critical thinking, understanding and evaluating dental research. Chicago: Quintessence Pub Co; 1996.
31. Tacker MM. Parts of a scientific paper: the results section. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:189-90.
32. Tacker MM. Style letters from an editor. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:587-8.
33. Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the introduction. Int J Prosthodont 1990;3:587-8.
34. Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the materials and methods section. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:91-2.
35. Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the discussion. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:301-2.
36. Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the conclusion section. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:399-400.
37. Stedmanâ€™s Medical Dictionary. 26th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins: 1995. p. 7.
38. Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the abstract. Int J Prosthodont 1990;3:499-500.
39. Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the references. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:490-1.
40. McCann AL, Schneiderman ED. Using research for clinical decision-making: evaluating a research report. J Contemporary Dental Practice 2002;2:48.
41. Various. The chicago manual of style. 16th edition. University of chicago press; 2010.
42. W Strunk Jr, EB White. The elements of style. 4th edition. Pearson education; 2003.
43. Various. AIP Style Manual. 4th edition. AIP; 1997.
44. M Young. The technical writerâ€™s handbook, University Science Books; 2003.
45. K Friedman. Writing a better scientific article. Available from: http://rmp.aps.org/files/rmpguapa.pdf. [Last accessed on 10 Dec 2015].
46. Various. Duke graduate school scientific writing resource. Available from: http://cgi.duke.edu/web/sciwriting/index.Php. [Last accessed on 10 Dec 2015].