SCIENTIFIC WRITING AS AN ART: AN OVERVIEW
Keywords:Writing style, Ledgable, Language, Style and rhythm, Precision, Bibliography
Writing well is an art that takes time to be perfect, but if you don't try it, you won't nail it. The value of writing should never be underestimated, as writing well improves your work . If the writing is clear, it can turn bad science into good science and makes more impactful and valuable . Writing helps the speaker to express the issue before audience very easier. There are various types of writing such as articles, journals, literature review etc . The scientific writing should be simple, objective and concise. Writing depends on the reader's needs (for a normal reader technical terms mathematical expressions has never suited well) . Various types of manuscripts are used in scientific writing. One of the key developers in scientific publications is the adoption of the IMRAD's [Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion] structure . Apart from this other form is TAKAR (Title, Abstract, Keywords, Acknowledgements, and References) . Approaches made by writers for in the design of the contents are about various forms in more than one journal . In case of reference also various styles are used, such as Vancouver's style, the Harvard system. Writing is a most important factor to criticize and evaluate the publications . Writing process should not intend to be sane, effective. Writing is a decision making process and Writers designs in different ways for their scientific work . All written communications are affected by a larger context or situation . This article helps the reviewers to know about the different writing methods its rhythm and styles.
Gopen GD, Swan JA. The science of scientific writing. Am Sci 1990;78:550â€“8.
Whitesides GM. Whitesidesâ€™ group: writing a paper. Adv Mat 2004;16:1375â€“7.
Thrower PA. Writing a scientific paper: I. Titles and abstracts. Carbon 2007;45:2143â€“4.
Schulman RE. How to write a scientific paper. Annals Improbable Res 1996;2:8â€“12.
Spache G. A new readability formula for primarygrade reading materials. Elem Sch J 1953;53:410â€“3.
Fan C, Gillespie B, Wang G, Heeger AJ, Plaxco KW. Spectroscopy and electrochemistry of the pyridine-chytochrome c complex and the pyridine-induced â€˜alkaline-likeâ€™ conformation. J Phys Chem B 2002;106:11375â€“83.
Alley Michael. The craft of scientific writing. 3rd edition. New York: Springer-Verlag; 1996.
Day RA. How to write and publish a scientific paper. 5th ed. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press; 1998.
Day RA. Scientific english: a guide for scientists and other professionals. 2nd ed. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press; 1995.
Gartland JJ. Medical writing and communicating. Frederick, MD: University Publishing Group; 1993.
Hyland K. English for professional academic purposes: writing for scholarly publication. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2007.
R Barrass. Scientists Must Writeâ€, Chapman and Hall, London; 1978.
WI Beveridge. The art of scientific investigation. Vintage Books, New York; 1950.
Sinclair Goodlad. Speaking technically. London; 1990.
Raimes. Keys for writers. Houghton Mifflin Company; 199
W Strunk e, EB White. The elements of style. Allyn and Bacon; 1979.
William F Miseri. Critical appraisal of the literature. J Am Board Family Med 1999;12:315-33.
Lock S. Does editorial peer review work? Ann Intern Med 1994;121:60-1.
Sonis J, Joines J. The quality of clinical trials published in the Journal of family practice 1974-1991. J Fam pract 1994;39:225-35.
Beggc, Cho M, Eastwood s, Horton R, Moher D, Olkin I, et al. Improving the quality of reporting of RCT. The consort statement. JAMA 1996;276:637-9.
Altman DG. The scandal of poor medical research: we need less search, better research, and research done for eight reasons. Br Med J 1994;308:283-4.
Georges Bordage. Considerations on preparing a paper for publication. Teaching Learning Med 1989;1:47-52.
What happens to manuscripts submitted to the journal? Editorial Medical Education 1998;32:167-70.
A23. Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to bio medical journals. Ann Intern Med 1997;126:36-7.
McCann AL, Schneiderman ED. Using research for clinical decision-making: elements of a research report. J Contemporary Dental Practice 2002;1:74.
Tacker MM. Writing to be read, reading to stay ahead. Letters from an Editor. Int J Prosthodont 1990;3:103-4.
Tacker MM. What makea a biomedical manuscript publishable. Int J Prosthodont 1990;4:205-6.
Tacker MM. Rewards and responsibilities of biomedical authorship. Int J Prosthodont 1990;3:305-6.
Weintraub JA, Douglass CW, Gillings DB. Biostats, data analysis for dental health care professionals. 2nd Ed. Research Triangle Park, NC: CAVCO Publications; 1985.
Brunette DM. Critical thinking, understanding and evaluating dental research. Chicago: Quintessence Pub Co; 1996.
Tacker MM. Parts of a scientific paper: the results section. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:189-90.
Tacker MM. Style letters from an editor. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:587-8.
Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the introduction. Int J Prosthodont 1990;3:587-8.
Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the materials and methods section. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:91-2.
Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the discussion. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:301-2.
Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the conclusion section. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:399-400.
Stedmanâ€™s Medical Dictionary. 26th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins: 1995. p. 7.
Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the abstract. Int J Prosthodont 1990;3:499-500.
Tacker MM. Parts of the research report: the references. Int J Prosthodont 1991;4:490-1.
McCann AL, Schneiderman ED. Using research for clinical decision-making: evaluating a research report. J Contemporary Dental Practice 2002;2:48.
Various. The chicago manual of style. 16th edition. University of chicago press; 2010.
W Strunk Jr, EB White. The elements of style. 4th edition. Pearson education; 2003.
Various. AIP Style Manual. 4th edition. AIP; 1997.
M Young. The technical writerâ€™s handbook, University Science Books; 2003.
K Friedman. Writing a better scientific article. Available from: http://rmp.aps.org/files/rmpguapa.pdf. [Last accessed on 10 Dec 2015].
Various. Duke graduate school scientific writing resource. Available from: http://cgi.duke.edu/web/sciwriting/index.Php. [Last accessed on 10 Dec 2015].