IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF OPUNTIA FICUS INDICA STEM AND FRUIT EXTRACTS USING DISC DIFFUSION METHOD


Kannusamy Gnanakalai, Rengaswamy Gopal

Abstract


Objective: Opuntia ficus indica is a medicinal plant belonging to family Cactaceae. It is a species of cactus that has long been a domesticated crop plant important in agricultural economies throughout arid and semiarid parts of the world. The fruit and stem are used to prepare worth added products, fruits jam, squash, drinks, preserve product of pickle, body lotion, shampoo and creams, etc.

Methods: For the preliminary study, various extracts of stem and fruit has been used to check the efficacy of antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli bacteria of gram-positive and gram-negative strain respectively using disc diffusion method.

Results: The stem and fruit extracts showed various levels of activity on different test organisms. The methanol fruit extracts showed high antibacterial activity against Escherichia Coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subtilis compared with other extracts. Aqueous extract of stem and fruit showed less antibacterial activity against the tested bacterial strains.

Conclusion: The present study suggests that the methanol extracts of the fruit of Opuntia ficus indica contain compounds that can form the basis for the development of a novel broad-spectrum antibacterial formulation.

Keywords: Opuntia ficus indica, Antibacterial activity, Methanol extract, Ethanol extract, Aqueous extract

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About this article

Title

IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF OPUNTIA FICUS INDICA STEM AND FRUIT EXTRACTS USING DISC DIFFUSION METHOD

Date

07-04-2016

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research
Vol 8, Issue 2, 2016 Page: 68-69

Online ISSN

0975-7066

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45 Views | 25 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Kannusamy Gnanakalai
Department of Zoology, Annamalai University, Chidambaram 608002, Tamil Nadu, India

Rengaswamy Gopal
P. G. Department of Zoology, Government Arts College, Dharmapuri 636705, Tamilnadu, India


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