COMPARATIVE PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATION OF COSTUS SPECIOSUS (WILD GINGER) AND ZINGIBER OFFICINALE (GINGER) RHIZOME


Chandra Kala, Syed Salman Ali, Sudhir Chaudhary

Abstract


Objective: Costus speciosus Koen. (Ginger) is an Indian ornamental plant, belonging to family Costaceae. The present research work deals with the establishment of standardization parameter regarding comparative pharmacognostic study between Costus speciosus and Zingiber officinale rhizome.

Methods: Macroscopic and microscopic evaluation, physicochemical parameters like ash values, moisture content, extractive value, fluorescence analysis and the preliminary phytochemical investigation was done.

Results: The Macroscopic difference was found as an absence of odor and taste in Costus speciosus and presence of pungent and aromatic odor in Zingiber officinale. Oil globule, tracheids, starch granules in Zingiber officinale was found whereas the absence of the same in Costus speciosus rhizome was found in the microscopic evaluation. Fluorescence study also exhibits differences. The presence of saponin, carbohydrate, glycosides in Costus speciosus whereas Zingiber officinale revealed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids and protein.

Conclusion: These finding can serve as the basis for Identification and investigation of Costus speciosus and Zingiber officinale rhizome and can also establish the characteristic differentiating features of both.

Keywords


Costus speciosus, Zingiber officinale, Physiochemical parameters

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References


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About this article

Title

COMPARATIVE PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATION OF COSTUS SPECIOSUS (WILD GINGER) AND ZINGIBER OFFICINALE (GINGER) RHIZOME

Keywords

Costus speciosus, Zingiber officinale, Physiochemical parameters

DOI

10.22159/ijcpr.2016v8i4.15270

Date

18-10-2016

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research
Vol 8, Issue 4, 2016 Page: 19-23

Online ISSN

0975-7066

Statistics

102 Views | 326 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Chandra Kala
Glocal School of Pharmacy, The Glocal University, Delhi-Yamunotri Marg (State Highway 57), Mirzapur Pole, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India 247121
India

Syed Salman Ali
School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, IFTM University Lodhipur Rajput, Delhi Road NH-24, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh 244102

Sudhir Chaudhary
Meerut Institute of Engineering and Technology, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, NH-58, Baghpat Crossing, Bypass Road Meerut (250005), Uttar Pradesh, India


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